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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2012.tde-16112012-115902
Document
Author
Full name
Eliel dos Santos Paes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Sinatora, Amilton (President)
Scandian, Cherlio
Yoshimura, Humberto Naoyuki
Title in Portuguese
Ultra baixo coeficiente de atrito no deslizamento de Si3N4-Al2O3. Efeitos da força aplicada, velocidade de deslizamento e temperatura do ensaio.
Keywords in Portuguese
Alumina
Cerâmica
Desgaste
Lubrificação com água
Nitreto de silício
Ultra baixo coeficiente de atrito
Abstract in Portuguese
Foram realizados ensaios tribológicos de deslizamento do par Si3N4-Al2O3, lubrificado com água, na configuração esfera contra disco, sendo a esfera de nitreto de silício e o disco de alumina para investigar a influência da velocidade de deslizamento, da carga aplicada e da temperatura no coeficiente de atrito. As esferas de nitreto de silício e os discos de alumina foram caracterizados determinando-se: densidades, dureza Vickers, módulo de elasticidade e tenacidade à fratura. Os ensaios foram realizados com rugosidade inicial nos discos de Rrms = 352 nm. O regime de ultra baixo coeficiente de atrito (UBCA, μ < 0,01) foi atingido após um período de running-in de aproximadamente uma hora e o coeficiente de atrito ficou na faixa de μ = 0,008 a μ = 0,002. Os resultados mostraram que este sistema deslizante tem características hidrodinâmicas, pois o coeficiente de atrito diminuiu com o aumento da velocidade de deslizamento. Uma variação suave da carga aplicada fez com que o coeficiente de atrito permanecesse no regime de UBCA, com a carga aplicada variando de 54 N até 94 N. Em temperaturas menores ou iguais a 11°C o sistema não atingiu o regime de UBCA e o coeficiente de atrito final ficou da ordem de centésimos. Foi observado o fenômeno de UBCA em temperaturas de 30 e 40°C. No entanto, nestas temperaturas, a baixa viscosidade da água não deveria permitir que o sistema atingisse o regime de UBCA. A análise dos dados possibilitou inferir que durante o regime de UBCA o sistema desliza num regime de lubrificação mista, sendo lubrificação hidrodinâmica, devido ao filme de água, somada a lubrificação limite, devido às camadas hidratadas formadas nas superfícies das cerâmicas. Os resultados mostraram que a temperatura influencia no desgaste das cerâmicas. A determinação do volume desgastado possibilitou observar que durante os ensaios a alumina sofre menos desgaste que o nitreto de silício e que o desgaste de ambas cerâmicas aumenta com o aumento da temperatura.
Title in English
Ultra low friction coefficient in sliding of Si3N4-Al2O3. Effects of applied load, sliding velocity and test temperature.
Keywords in English
Alumina
Ceramics
Silicon nitride
Ultra low friction coefficient
Water lubrication
Wear
Abstract in English
Tribological tests were conducted in a ball on disk setup, using water as lubricant. Were used a silicon nitride ball and alumina disk. The tests were conducted to investigate the effects of sliding speed, applied load and temperature on friction coefficient. The silicon nitride balls and alumina disks were characterized by determining density, Vickers hardness, elastic modulus and fracture toughness. The tests were conducted with initial roughness on the disk surface of 352 nm. The ultra low friction coefficient regime (ULFC, μ < 0.01) was reached after a running-in period of approximately one hour and the friction coefficient remains in the range of μ = 0.008 a μ = 0.002 during this steady state regime. The results showed that this sliding system has hydrodynamic characteristics, because the friction coefficient decreased with increasing of the sliding speed. With an smooth variation of the applied load the system remained in the ULFC regime, when the applied load varied from 54 N up to 94 N. At temperatures below or equal to 11°C the system did not reach the ULFC regime and the final friction coefficient was the order of hundredths. We observed the ULFC phenomenon at temperatures of 30 and 40°C. However, at these temperatures, the water viscosity is low and should not allow the system to reach the ULFC regime. The data analysis allowed infer that during the ULFC regime the system slides with a mixed lubrication regime, hydrodynamic plus limitrofe, the first due to water film and the second due to the hydrated layer formed on the ceramics surfaces. The results showed a influences of temperature in the ceramics wear. The results of the worn volume allowed to observe that during the tests alumina suffers less wear than the silicon nitride, and the ceramics wear increases with increasing temperature.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-11-28
 
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