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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.3.2017.tde-11072017-144548
Document
Author
Full name
Rogério Issamu Yamamoto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Horikawa, Oswaldo (President)
Andrade, Aron Jose Pazin de
Chabu, Ivan Eduardo
Gama, Sergio
Larrea, José Andrés Santisteban
Title in Portuguese
Mancal magnético híbrido do tipo repulsão com controle uniaxial com amortecimento fornecido por mancal eletrodinâmico.
Keywords in Portuguese
Magnetismo
Mancais
Método dos Elementos Finitos
Abstract in Portuguese
Mancais magnéticos com controle uniaxial são mancais híbridos que combinam um mancal radial por imãs permanentes e um mancal axial eletromagnético com controle ativo. Estes mancais, a despeito das vantagens com relação a outras modalidades de mancais magnéticos, têm como principal deficiência a ausência de capacidade de amortecimento de vibrações radiais do rotor. De modo a eliminar tal deficiência, esta tese propõe um novo mancal magnético híbrido que conjuga um mancal com controle uniaxial a um mancal eletrodinâmico. Esta tese tem como objetivo investigar e demonstrar a eficácia desta solução. O objetivo final é apresentar um mancal magnético de elevado desempenho, de arquitetura simples e robusta, com possibilidades de aplicação em máquinas rotativas de alta velocidade. O mancal aqui proposto tem como base um mancal de controle uniaxial cuja arquitetura é definida de modo a apresentar elevada rigidez radial, elevada folga mecânica na porção rotativa, reduzida inércia no rotor, assim como simplicidade na construção e funcionamento. Para tanto, aqui se emprega mancais radiais com imãs disposto em camadas, operando em repulsão. Na direção axial, são usados atuadores eletromagnéticos compatíveis com a elevada rigidez gerada pelos mancais radiais. A estes mancais são associados mancais eletrodinâmicos homopolares de dois tipos, de fluxo magnético axial e de fluxo radial. Definido conceitualmente o novo mancal, protótipos foram desenvolvidos e foram realizados ensaios de validação do conceito do novo mancal, assim como de verificação do desempenho do protótipo. Com relação ao mancal proposto, foi verificada uma levitação estável do rotor e, obtida uma rigidez radial de 44 N/mm mediante uma folga de 2,5 mm. São valores que superam quaisquer resultados encontrados em literatura sobre mancais similares. Em seguida, demonstrou-se, ao menos até uma rotação de 35 Hz (2.100 rpm), a eficácia do mancal eletrodinâmicos de fluxo axial no amortecimento de movimentos assíncronos do rotor.
Title in English
Repulsion-type hybrid magnetic bearing with uniaxial control using electrodynamic bearing to provide radial damping.
Keywords in English
Bearing
Electrodynamic bearing
Finite Element Method
Magnetism
Abstract in English
Single axis controlled magnetic bearings are hybrid bearings that combine a radial bearing based on permanent magnets and an electromagnetic bearing with active control. Such bearings, despite advantages with respect to other modalities of magnetic bearings, present an important problem of absence of vibration damping capability in the radial directions of the rotor. In order to solve this problem, this thesis proposes a new hybrid magnetic bearing that conjugates a single axis controlled bearing with an electrodynamic bearing. This thesis aims investigate and demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed solution. The final goal is to present a magnetic bearing with high capabilities, of simple architecture and robust, with possibilities for applications in high speed rotary machines. The presented bearing has, as the base, a single axis controlled bearing with an architecture suitable for achieving high radial stiffness, large gap in the rotary portion, low rotor inertia, as well as simplicity in its construction and operation. For this, the bearing employs radial bearings based on magnets arranged in layers operating in repulsion mode. In the axial direction, it uses electromagnetic actuators compatible with the high radial stiffness generated by radial bearings. These bearings are associated with electrodynamic homopolar bearings of two types: one of axial magnetic flux and other with radial flux. Once, the new bearing is defined conceptually, tests are conducted to validate the principle of the new bearing, as well, tests to evaluation of the efficiency of the prototype. With respect to the proposed bearing, a stable levitation of the rotor is obtained. Also, a radial stiffness of 44 N/mm is achieved with a gap of 2.5 mm. These values are higher than any results presented in literatures related to similar bearings. Finally, it is demonstrated that at rotations speeds of until 35 Hz (2,100 rpm), the electrodynamic of axial flux is efficient to attenuate asynchronous motions of the rotor.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-07-12
 
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