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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.38.2013.tde-02072014-171142
Document
Author
Full name
Joice Paulo Constantini
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Cancello, Eliana Marques (President)
Casari, Sonia Aparecida
Santos, Fabiana Elaine Casarin dos
Title in Portuguese
Revisão taxonômica do gênero Rhynchotermes Holmgren 1912 (Isoptera, Termitidae, Syntermitinae)
Keywords in Portuguese
Isoptera
Rhynchotermes
Syntermitinae
taxonomia
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho é uma revisão taxonômica do gênero Rhynchotermes Holmgren, 1912 (Termitidae, Syntermitinae), que até esta revisão contava com as sete espécies, a saber: R.nasutissimus (Silvestri, 1901), R. perarmatus (Snyder, 1925b), R. nyctobius Mathews 1977, R. diphyes Mathews, 1977, R. piauy Cancello, 1997, R. guarany Cancello, 1977 e R. bulbinasus Scheffrahn, 2010, ocorrendo na Região Neotropical. Proponho duas espécies novas e duas sinonímias (R. nyctobius sinônimo júnior de R. diphyes e R. guarany sinônimo júnior de R. nasutissimus). Estudei 198 amostras entre as quais as do Museu de Zoologia e emprestadas de outras instituições. Todos os soldados, operários e alados (quando disponível) foram descritos e ilustrados, inclusive tubo digestório do operário que até então havia sido pouco estudado. Também elaborei uma chave dicotômica, baseada na casta do soldado, para identificação de todas as espécies, fiz mapas de distribuição geográfica das espécies, bem como reuni as notas sobre a biologia.
Title in English
Taxonomic revision of genus Rhynchotermes Holmgren 1912 (Isoptera, Termitidae, Syntermitinae)
Keywords in English
Isoptera
Rhynchotermes
Syntermitinae
taxonomy
Abstract in English
This work is a taxonomic revision of the genus Rhynchotermes Holmgren, 1912 (Termitidae, Syntermitinae), that until this revision had seven species namely: R.nasutissimus (Silvestri, 1901), R. perarmatus (Snyder, 1925b), R. nyctobius Mathews, 1977, R.diphyes Mathews, 1977, R. piauy Cancello, 1997, R. guarany Cancello, 1977 e R. bulbinasus Scheffrahn, 2010, occurring in the Neotropical Region. I propose two new species and two synonyms (R. nyctobius junior synonym of R. diphyes and R. guarany junior synonym R. nasutissimus). I have examined 198 samples among which those Museum of Zoology and borrowed from other institutions. All soldiers, workers and winged (when available) are described and illustrated, including the digestive tract of the worker that until then had been little studied. Also dichotomous key was made based on the soldier caste to identification of all species, and maps of the geographic distribution of species, as well a compilation of notes on biology of species.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-08-11
 
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