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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.39.2010.tde-20092010-112200
Document
Author
Full name
Elizabeth Leite Bettencourt de Souza Augusto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Simões, Antonio Carlos (President)
Machado, Afonso Antonio
Moreira, Alexandre
Title in Portuguese
Esporte e "resistência psicológica": um estudo das características comportamentais de atletas maratonistas
Keywords in Portuguese
Comportamento
Inventário
Maratona
Modalidade esportiva individual
Resistência psicológica
Abstract in Portuguese
O principal objetivo deste estudo foi o de abordar o comportamento de atletas maratonistas, no que diz respeito à resistência psicológica durante o transcorrer da prova. O estudo restringiu-se a pesquisar opiniões de sete atletas, quatro do sexo masculino e três do feminino, que participavam de provas de maratonas promovidas pelas organizações que representam a modalidade no Brasil. Os dados foram coletados mediante a aplicação do instrumento denominado Inventário do Comportamento do Maratonista, criado e desenvolvido pela autora do presente estudo, visando compreender o processo de elaboração mental quanto à resistência psicológica dos atletas no transcorrer das provas. O instrumento é composto de sete questões objetivas e descritivas que possibilitam a obtenção de informações sobre fatores sociais e psicológicos dos atletas maratonistas e de como eles se comportam e descrevem as suas percepções (pensamentos, sentimentos e emoções) quanto à resistência psicológica. Os resultados alcançados foram baseados em 242 falas dos atletas foram classificadas em onze categorias cujos percentuais obtidos se desenvolveram da seguinte forma: persistência (19,4%), determinação (15,7%), precisão técnica (15,7%), seguidos de estratégia mental (10,7%), escolha da tarefa (9,9%), aspectos psicossomáticos (8,3%), conflito (7,4%), relação social (5,8%), religiosidade (4,9%), infraestrutura (1,2%) e aspecto físico (0,8%). Conclui-se que, o comportamento dos atletas maratonistas está estritamente relacionado com a resistência psicológica no que diz respeito a finalizar as prova de maratona
Title in English
Sport and psychological resistance: a study of behavior characteristics of marathonist athletes
Keywords in English
Behavior
Individual sport modality
Inventory
Marathon
Psychological resistance
Abstract in English
The main purpose of this study was to approach the behavior of marathon athletes, in what concerns the psychological resistance during the elapse of the test. The study restrained to research opinions of 7 athletes, four of the masculine sex and three of the feminine sex, that took part in tests of marathons promoted by the organizations that represent the category in Brazil. The data was collected by the application of the instrument denominated Inventory of the Marathonist Behavior, created and developed by the author of the present study, aiming to comprehend the process of mental elaboration as to the psychological resistance of the athletes during the elapse of the test. The instrument is composed of seven objective and descriptive questions that makes possible the attainment of information about social and psychological factors of marathonist athletes and about how they behave and describe their perceptions (thoughts, feelings and emotions) as to the psychological resistance. The achieved results were based in 242 speeches of the athletes, that were classified in eleven categories, in relation to which the speeches developed in the following way, in percentages: persistence (19,4%), determination (15,7%), technical accuracy (15,7%), mental strategy (10,7%), task choice (9,9%), psychosomatic aspects (8,3%), conflict (7,4%), social relation (5,8%), religiosity (4,9%), infrastructure (1,2%) and physical aspect (0,8%). It is concluded that the behavior of marathonist athletes is strictly related to the psychological resistance in what concerns ending the marathon test
 
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Publishing Date
2010-09-20
 
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