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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.41.2007.tde-14092007-161305
Document
Author
Full name
Lucia Maria Armelin Correa
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Bueno, Maria Rita dos Santos e Passos (President)
Barbosa, Ângela Silva
Haddad, Luciana Amaral
Lin, Chin Jia
Nader, Helena Bonciani
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da região promotora do gene do colágeno XVIII humano
Keywords in Portuguese
Colágeno XVIII
Fatores de transcrição
Fibrose/cirrose hepática
Hepatocarcinoma
Polimorfismo de base única
Região Promotora
Abstract in Portuguese
O colágeno XVIII é um componente das membranas basais com diversos domínios funcionais, como a endostatina e o domínio frizzled, que têm importante papel em processos celulares como proliferação e diferenciação. COL18A1 possui dois promotores alternativos: o promotor 1, que regula a síntese da variante NC11-303, e o promotor 2 responsável pelas variantes NC11- 728 e NC11-493, expressas por hepatócitos. Existe uma variação interindividual da endostatina circulante e da expressão do colágeno XVIII no fígado. A expressão do colágeno XVIII/endostatina foi correlacionada com a progressão tanto do hepatocarcinoma (HCC), quanto da fibrose/cirrose hepática. Elucidar a regulação da expressão de COL18A1 pode auxiliar na compreensão dessa variação interindividual e da progressão dessas doenças. Neste trabalho demos início a caracterização do promotor 2 do COL18A1. Identificamos na seqüência predita como promotora cinco regiões conservadas entre humanos e camundongos. A análise in silico e funcional dessas regiões revelou que os fatores de transcrição, Sp1, Sp3, YY1, Oct-1, C/EBPα e C/EBPβ, interagem com as mesmas. Demonstramos que C/EBPβaumenta a taxa de transcrição do promotor 2 em hepatócitos, e que existe uma correlação positiva da expressão de NC11-493 com C/EBPαe C/EBPβem tecido hepático cirrótico e tumoral. As expressões de C/EBPαem tecido hepático cirrótico e tumoral estão diretamente correlacionadas, enquanto que os níveis de NC11-493 nos tumores estão inversamente correlacionados com o tamanho dos mesmos. Mostramos a existência de diversos SNPs no promotor 2. O SNP-700T/G, funcional in vitro, afeta a interação de Sp3 e YY1 com essa região regulatória. A deleção da região do SNP indicou que ela possui elementos importantes para a transcrição em hepatócitos, apesar deste SNP não estar relacionado com o nível de expressão do colágeno XVIII em fígado fibrótico ou com susceptibilidade a HCC. O SNP- 700T/G está em desequilíbrio de ligação com o SNPc.1135C/T, no domínio frizzled do colágeno XVIII. Não foi possível elucidar a funcionalidade do SNPs c.1135C/T in vitro, mas os haplótipos formados por esses dois SNPs têm diferentes frequências entre descendentes de europeus e de africanos. Nosso trabalho traz importantes contribuições e abre novas perspectivas para a compreensão da regulação do colágeno XVIII em fígado humano, tanto em situações fisiológicas, quanto em processos fibrogênicos e tumorigênicos¶
Title in English
Study of human collagen XVIII promoter region
Keywords in English
Collagen XVIII
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Liver fibrosis/cirrhosis
Promoter Region
Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms
Transcription factors
Abstract in English
Collagen XVIII is a basal membrane component with several funcional domains, such as endostatin and frizzled domains, which have important roles in cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation. COL18A1 has two promoter regions: promoter 1, that regulates the synthesis of NC11-303 isoform, and promoter 2, localized in intron 2, responsible for NC11-728 and NC11-493 isoforms expressed by hepatocytes. There is a large interindividual variation in circulating endostatin and in collagen XVIII liver expression. Collagen XVIII/endostatin levels were correlated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression, as well as liver fibrosis/cirrhosis, conditions that precede HCC. Elucidating the mechanisms that regulate COL18A1 expression in hepatocytes may help understanding its variation among individuals and liver disease stages, as well as contribute to new treatment strategies. In this work we began to characterize COL18A1 promoter region 2. We identified in the predicted promoter sequence five conserved regions between human and mouse. The in silico and functional analysis of these regions revealed that transcription factors Sp1, Sp3, YY1, Oct-1, C/EBPα and C/EBPβ interact with them. We have demonstrated that C/EBPβ increases promoter 2 transcription rate in hepatocytes, and that there is a positive correlation of NC11-493 expression with that of C/EBPα and C/EBPβ in cirrhotic and tumor liver samples. Non-tumor and tumor C/EBPα expressions positively correlate between themselves, while NC11-493 tumor expression inversely correlates with tumor size. We also showed that there are several SNPs in COL18A1 promoter 2 region. SNP-700T/G, functional in vitro, affects Sp3 and YY1 interaction with the promoter 2 region and deletion of the SNP region indicated that this sequence has important hepatocyte regulatory elements. Our results suggest that this SNP does not significantly affects COL18A1 expression in fibrotic/cirrhotic liver and is not associated with HCC susceptibility. SNP-700T/G is in linkage disequilibrium with SNPc.1135C/T, at collagen XVIII frizzled domain. We could not elucidate SNPc.1135C/T functionality in vitro, but the haplotypes formed by these two SNPs have different frequencies in European and African descendants. In conclusion, our work brings important contributions and opens new perspectives for the comprehension of collagen XVIII regulation in human liver in physiological situations, as well as in fibrotic/cirrhotic and tumorigenic process.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-09-24
 
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