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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.41.2016.tde-18012016-104643
Document
Author
Full name
Amanda Faria Assoni
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Zatz, Mayana (President)
Bertolla, Ricardo Pimenta
Okamoto, Oswaldo Keith
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização do secretoma de células multipotentes mesenquimais estromais de diferentes fontes
Keywords in Portuguese
Células multipotentes mesenquimais estromais
Proteômica
Secretoma
Abstract in Portuguese
Células multipotentes mesenquimais estromais (CTM) são células adultas multipotentes que podem ser isoladas a partir de diferentes tecidos e são capazes de atingir sítios danificados, exercer papéis na regeneração tecidual e modular a resposta imune. Estas células demonstraram resultados discrepantes em estudos in vivo dependentes de sua fonte de obtenção. Há na literatura hipóteses de que o mecanismo predominante pelo qual as CTMs atuam no reparo tecidual estaria relacionado à sua atividade parácrina, criando um microambiente com sinais tróficos. Nesse sentido, a avaliação do conteúdo do secretoma destas células é de grande interesse. Portanto, este projeto teve como objetivo analisar o meio condicionado de CTMs obtidas de diferentes fontes (tecido adiposo, músculo esquelético e tubas uterinas) de mesmos indivíduos. A abordagem experimental consistiu em proteômica shotgun (nanocromatografia líquida acoplada a espectrometria de massas em tandem) com o intuito de identificar alvos diferentemente expressos entre as culturas que possam sugerir funções específicas de cada linhagem celular. Os dados espectrais foram obtidos pelo modo de aquisição dependente de dados (Top15). Os dados adquiridos foram processados pelas plataformas MaxQuant e TPP (Trans-Proteomic Pipeline). Foi realizada análise qualitativa de vias enriquecidas por meio do programa Ingenuity utilizando as proteínas em comum nos secretoma de todas as CTMs analisadas. Essa análise permitiu observar vias enriquecidas de proliferação celular, migração celular e desenvolvimento do sistema cardiovascular, demonstrando que as proteínas secretadas por quaisquer das CTMs analisadas podem ser relacionadas a resultados encontrados na literatura utilizando estas células para terapias para patologias. As análises estatísticas para determinar se haveria dependência da composição do secretoma em função do indivíduo doador ou tecido fonte das CTMs revelaram proteínas diferencialmente expressas entre todos os grupos. Estas proteínas diferencialmente expressas são relacionadas à proliferação, sinalização e interação celular, além de modulação do sistema imune e da angiogênese. Neste contexto, podemos concluir que o secretoma das CTMs é muito semelhante, que as CTMs isoladas de quaisquer tecidos ou indivíduos são capazes de secretar moléculas que possivelmente exercem benefícios em determinado tratamento. Entretanto, estes benefícios podem ser exacerbados ou suprimidos pelas moléculas diferencialmente expressas, as quais são dependentes tanto dos tecidos quanto dos indivíduos dos quais as CTMs foram obtidas
Title in English
Characterization of the secretome of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells from various tissues
Keywords in English
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells
Proteomic
Secretome
Abstract in English
Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult cells that can be isolated from different tissues and are able to reach damaged sites, play a role in tissue regeneration and modulate immune response. These cells showed conflicting results in studies in vivo depending on their tissue origin. It is hypothesised that the predominant mechanism by which MSCs function could be related to its paracrine activity, creating a microenvironment with trophic signals. Accordingly, the evaluation of the content of the secretome of these cells is of great interest. Towards this end, this project analyzed the proteins of conditioned medium of MSCs obtained from different sources from the same donors (adipose tissue, uterine tubes and skeletal muscle). The MSCs were characterized by flow cytometry for the presence of membrane markers and by differentiation in vitro into adipocytes, chondrocytes, and osteoblasts. The conditioned media were obtained and the protein profile was analysed by liquid nanochromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Spectral data were obtained by full-acquisition mode MS / dd-MS2 (Top15). The acquired data were processed by MaxQuant software and TPP (Trans-Proteomic Pipeline). Qualitative analysis of enriched pathways through the Ingenuity program using the shared proteins between the cell lineages was performed.It showed enriched pathways related to cell proliferation, cell migration and development of the cardiovascular system. This allows considering that the secreted proteins from the analyzed MSCs might be related to findings in the literature using these cells for therapies. After this, the proteins were analyzed for differential expression by comparing the MSCs into groups of different sources or different donors. In which were observed differentially expressed proteins related to proliferation, cell signaling and interaction, modulation of the immune system and angiogenesis. In this context, we can conclude that MSC's secretome is very similar in the analyzed lineages, and that any MSCs are able to secrete molecules which potentially exert for certain treatment benefits. However, these benefits can be exacerbated or annulled by differentially expressed molecules, which are dependent both as the individual and tissues from which MSCs were obtained
 
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Publishing Date
2016-02-01
 
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