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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.41.2012.tde-23102012-144046
Document
Author
Full name
Priscila Ortega
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Zanotto, Flavia Pinheiro (President)
Dutra, Marcos Leoni Gazarini
Pinheiro, Marcelo Antonio Amaro
Title in Portuguese
Transporte de cádmio em células branquiais do caraguejo de mangue Ucides cordatus
Keywords in Portuguese
Células branquiais
Transporte de cádmio
Ucides cordatus
Abstract in Portuguese
O Ucides cordatus é um caranguejo que habita mangues. Estas regioes podem ser contaminadas com o cádmio, através de dejetos de indústrias e descarte de pilhas e baterias, atingindo o animal por meio de suas brânquias. Assim, o objetivo da dissertação foi verificar a cinética de transporte do cádmio com o uso de inibidores específicos, e sua interação com o cálcio, zinco e ATP. Para isso, as brânquias foram separadas em anteriores e posteriores, e as células foram dissociadas pelo método de dissociação enzimática; a seguir, as células foram marcadas com Fluo 3 am e realizada a cinética de transporte no espectrofluorímetro, adicionando-se concentrações de 0,5, 1,0 e 1,5μM de sulfato de cádmio (CdSO4), cloreto de cádmio (CdCl2), cádmio + cálcio, cádmio + zinco, cálcio e zinco para verificar a interação do Cd com cálcio ou zinco. Posteriormente, houve a adição dos inibidores como vanadato, amilorida, ouabaina e BAPTA às células, e, novamente, efetuou-se o transporte de cádmio nas concentrações 0,5, 1,0 e 1,5μM. Em seguida, adicionou-se ATP e efetuou-se o transporte de cádmio nas mesmas concentrações citadas anteriormente. Os resultados mostraram um transporte de cádmio sigmoidal, quando em presença de CdSO4, e um pico de 5 segundos de entrada de cádmio e uma posterior queda, quando em presença de CdCl2; além de uma provável competição entre o cádmio e o cálcio e entre o cádmio e o zinco. Observou-se também uma efetiva ação dos inibidores, indicando que o cádmio possivelmente entrou na célula através de canais de cálcio, trocadores Na+/H+ e trocadores aniônicos dependentes ou não de Na+. Percebeu-se ainda que o ATP não influenciou na entrada de cádmio, ou seja, aparentemente não existe uma Cd ATPase nas células branquiais de Ucides cordatus
Title in English
Cadmium transport in gill cells of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus
Keywords in English
Cadmium transport
Gill cells
Ucides cordatus
Abstract in English
Ucides cordatus is a crab that lives in mangroves. These regions may be contaminated with cadmium by industrial wastes and disposal of batteries, reaching the animal through its gills, being a toxic metal. The aim of the study was to investigate the kinetics of cadmium transport using specific inhibitors, and its interaction with calcium, zinc and ATP. For this, the gills were separated in anterior and posterior regions, and their cells were dissociated by enzymatic dissociation. After, the cells were labeled with Fluo 3 am and the kinetics of transport of cadmium were performed in a spectrofluorimeter by adding CdSO4 and CdCl2 at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5μM. For the interaction experiments Cd was added as, cadmium + calcium, cadmium + zinc, calcium and zinc alone. A subsequent experiment, addition of inhibitors such as vanadate, amiloride, ouabain and BAPTA were performed, and again, the transport of cadmium was studied at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 μM. Then, ATP was added and the transport of cadmium was performed in the same concentrations mentioned above. Results showed a sigmoidal curve, when in presence of CdSO4, and a peak of 5 seconds for cadmium uptake and a posterior decline when in the presence of CdCl2. In addition, probably occurred a competition between calcium and cadmium and between cadmium and zinc, and here was also an effective action of some inhibitors, indicating that cadmium probably entered the cell by calcium channels, Na+/H+ exchangers and exchangers anionic inorganic dependent of Na+ or not. ATP had no effect for cadmium influx, suggesting that there is no Cd ATPase present in gill cells of Ucides cordatus
 
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Publishing Date
2013-01-24
 
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