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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.41.2013.tde-28032014-093312
Document
Author
Full name
Luis Henrique de Souza Teodoro
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Ferreira, Zulma Felisbina da Silva (President)
Amaral, Fernanda Gaspar do
Fernandes, Maria José da Silva
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização funcional do receptor P2X7 na glândula pineal de rato
Keywords in Portuguese
Glândula pineal
Melatonina
Receptor P2X7
TNF
Abstract in Portuguese
A sinalização purinérgica tem sido demonstrada como um um importante modulador dediversos processos fisiológicos e fisiopatológicos. Dentre os receptores purinérgicos, o receptor P2X7 distingui-se por requerir altas concentrações de ATP em sua ativação. As demonstrações prévias de que a glândula pineal responde a diferentes estímulos purinérgicose a altas concentrações de ATP sugere um papel para os receptores P2X7 nesta glândula, embora sua expressão e função não estivesse estabelecida. O objetivo deste trabalho, portanto, foi caracterizar funcionalmente o receptor P2X7 na glândula pineal de ratos. Os resultados obtidos demonstram, pela primeira vez, a expressão gênica e proteica do receptor P2X7 na glândula pineal. Os efeitos da ativação destes receptores levam a uma inibição nos níveis de melatonina induzida por isoprenalina por um mecanismo independente da via do fator de transcrição NF-kB e da fosfolipase C. Além disso, a estimulação destes receptores inibiu a síntese de TNF induzida por LPS, resultado este semelhante ao observado na presença do pré-tratamento com antagonistas do receptor P2X7. Estes dados confirmam a presença de receptores P2X7 na glândula pineal e reiteram o relevante papel da estimulação purinérgica a sobre a síntese de melatonina e sobre a capacidade da pineal em responder a PAMPs, como o LPS
Title in English
Functional characterization of P2X7 receptors in the rat pineal gland
Keywords in English
ATP
Melatonin
P2X7
Pineal gland
Receptors
TNF
Abstract in English
Purinergic signalling has been demonstrated as an important modulator ofseveral physiological and pathophysiological processes. Among the purinergic receptors, the activation of P2X7 receptor requireshigh concentrations of ATP. The previous demonstration that the pineal gland is responsive to different purinergic stimulus and to high concentrations of ATPsuggests a role for P2X7, although its expression and function remained unclear. The aim of this study was to functionally characterize the P2X7 receptor in the rat pineal gland.The data showedthe P2X7 receptor mRNA and protein expression in the pineal gland. The effect of its activation leads toan inhibition of melatonin content induced by isoprenaline through an independent NF-kB and PLC pathways. Furthermore, the P2X7 receptor activation inhibits the LPS-induced TNF synthesis, a similar result observed in the presence of the pre-treatment with P2X7 receptors antagonists. These data demonstrate the presence of P2X7 receptors in the rat pineal gland and confirm the relevant role of the purinergic stimulation to the pineal melatonin synthesis and responsiveness to PAMPs such as LPS
 
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Release Date
2018-03-27
Publishing Date
2014-04-10
 
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