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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2008.tde-10112008-155955
Document
Author
Full name
Cristiane Cabral Costa
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Ferreira, Cecilia Helena de Azevedo Gouveia (President)
Boldrini, Sílvia de Campos
Nonaka, Keico Okino
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da triiodotironina e do GC-1, um tireomimético seletivo pela isoforma b do receptor de hormônio tireoideano, sobre parâmetros histomorfométricos e biomecânicos do tecido ósseo de roedores adultos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Densitometria óssea
GC-1
Histomorfometria óssea
Hormônio da tireóide
Qualidade óssea
Receptor do hormônio tireoideano
Abstract in Portuguese
Ratas adultas foram tratadas com 2.5, 5, 10, 20 e 40x a dose fisiológica de triiodotironina (T3) por 10 semanas. Houve redução, dose-dependente, da massa óssea, volume e espessura trabecular (Tb.Th), e espessura de osso cortical. Até a dose de 10xT3, houve aumento na taxa de formação óssea (BFR). Doses maiores de T3 reduziram a BFR, e a reabsorção óssea. Esses dados mostram que, até um certo grau de tireotoxicose, a osteopenia é resultado de aumento da formação e reabsorção ósseas, com predomínio da última. Em graus mais elevados, a osteopenia é causada por redução no remodelamento ósseo, com predomínio da atividade reabsortiva. Em seguida, comparamos os efeitos do T3 e GC-1, um tireomimético seletivo pelo receptor b de T3 (TRb), no osso de camundongos fêmeas adultas. Na tíbia, o T3 reduziu a resistência, rigidez e resiliência, enquanto o GC-1 aumentou esses parâmetros e a Tb.Th, o que mostra que o GC-1 melhora a qualidade óssea. Considerando-se a seletividade do GC-1 pelo TRb, esses achados sugerem que o TRb medeia predominantemente ações positivas do T3 no osso.
Title in English
Effect of triiodothyronine and GC-1, a thyroid hormone receptor b-selective thyromimetic, on histomorphometric and biomechanical parameters of bone tissue of adult rodents.
Keywords in English
Bone densitometry
Bone hystomorphometry
Bone Quality
GC-1
Thyroid hormone
Thyroid hormone receptor
Abstract in English
Adult rats were treated with 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40x the physiological dose of triiodothyronine (T3) for 10 weeks. There was a dose-dependent reduction in bone mass, trabecular volume and thickness (Tb.Th), and cortical thickness. Up to 10xT3, there was an increase in the bone formation rate (BFR). Higher doses of T3 decreased BFR and bone resorption. These data show that, up to a certain degree of thyrotoxicosis, osteopenia is the result of an increase in bone formation and resorption, with a prevalence of resorption. In more severe thyrotoxicosis, the osteopenia is caused by a reduction in bone remodeling, with a predominance of bone resorption. Then, we compared the effects of T3 and GC-1, a thyromimetic that is selective for T3 receptor b (TRb), on bone of adult female mice. T3 treatment decreased tibial resistance, stiffness and resilience, while GC-1 increase these parameters and Tb.Th, showing that GC-1 improves bone quality. Considering the selectiveness of GC-1 for TRb, these findings suggest that TRb mediates mainly positive actions of T3 in the bone.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-11-12
 
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