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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2018.tde-14082018-104956
Document
Author
Full name
Cinthia de Lima Araujo
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Ventura, Armando Morais (President)
Janini, Luiz Mario Ramos
Menck, Carlos Frederico Martins
Oliveira, Julio Cezar Franco de
Title in Portuguese
Identificação do conjunto de proteínas celulares que interagem com a proteína M2-1, e com o complexo M2-1, N e P do vírus Respiratório Sincicial Humano.
Keywords in Portuguese
Interação proteína-proteína
M2-1
PABPC1
Vírus Respiratório Sincicial Humano
YBX3
Abstract in Portuguese
O Vírus Respiratório Sincicial Humano, do inglês human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (hRSV), é uma das maiores causas de doenças respiratórias agudas, principalmente em crianças e bebês entre seis meses e dois anos de idade. Não há drogas eficazes ou vacina aprovada até o momento para esse vírus, apesar das décadas de intensa pesquisa e grande quantidade de dados sobre ele acumulados. O genoma do hRSV codifica onze proteínas e a compreensão das interações entre essas proteínas virais e as proteínas do hospedeiro é essencial para que possíveis alvos terapêuticos contra o hRSV sejam identificados. No laboratório, anteriormente, foi dado enfoque às interações entre as proteínas celulares e as proteínas virais de matriz (M), nucleoproteína (N) e fosfoproteína (P). Neste trabalho, analisamos as interações da proteína viral M2-1 (cofator essencial para a transcrição) através da mesma estratégia utilizada naqueles experimentos, de fusão a FLAG (gerando FLAG-M2-1) e imunoprecipitação com anticorpos contra esse peptídeo. As proteínas co-imunoprecipitadas, identificadas por espectrometria de massas, foram: poly(A)-binding protein cytoplasmic 1 (PABPC1), Y-box binding protein 3 (YBX3), e Nuclease-sensitive element-binding protein 1 (YBX1). M2-1 é capaz de integrar-se ao complexo chamado de semelhante a corpúsculos de inclusão (IB like, do inglês), formado por N e P, que é similar estruturalmente aos corpúsculos de inclusão encontrados em células infectadas (IBs). Essa propriedade foi usada para analisar que proteínas celulares seriam recrutadas para esse outro nível de organização dessas três proteínas virais, envolvidas na transcrição. O complexo FLAG-N/P/M2-1 co-imunoprecipitou as proteínas celulares: Hsp70, Hsp90 (Heat shock proteins 70 e 90), Npm (Nucleophosmin), que podemos agrupar como chaperonas; PABPC1, YBX1, YBX3, ligantes de RNA; e sub-unidade pICIn do metilossomo, associada a modificação pós-tradução. Detalhamos a análise para YBX3, obtendo evidências adicionais de sua interação com M2-1 em ensaios de complementação de proteína fragmentada (Split-NanoLuc), e de co-localização por imunofluorescência indireta. Finalmente, utilizamos a metodologia de expressão em bactérias para demonstrar a interação entre M2-1 e os domínios funcionais de PABPC1, porém esses ensaios não foram conclusivos.
Title in English
Identifying the set of cellular proteins that interact with the protein M2-1, and with the complex M2-1, N and P of Human respiratory syncytial virus.
Keywords in English
Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus
M2-1
PABPC1
Protein-protein interaction
YBX3
Abstract in English
Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (hRSV) is one of the leading causes of acute respiratory diseases, especially in children and infants between six months and two years of age. There is no effective drug or vaccine approved so far for this virus, despite decades of intensive research and large amount of data on it. The genome of hRSV encodes 11 proteins and the understanding of the interactions between these viral proteins and host proteins is essential to identify possible therapeutic targets against hRSV. In the lab, previously, was given focus to the interactions between cellular proteins and viral proteins matrix (M), nucleoprotein (N) and phosphoprotein (P). In this paper, we analyze the viral M2-1 (cofactor essential for transcription) protein interactions through the same strategy used in those experiments: fusion with FLAG (generating FLAG-M2-1) and immunoprecipitation with antibodies against this peptide. The co-immunoprecipitated proteins, identified by mass spectrometry, were: Poly (A)-binding protein cytoplasmic 1 (PABPC1), Y-box binding protein 3 (YBX3), and Nuclease-sensitive element-binding protein 1 (YBX1). M2-1 is able to integrate the complex called similar to inclusion bodies (IB like), formed by N and P, which is similar structurally to the inclusion bodies found in infected cells (IBs). This property has been used to analyze which cellular proteins would be recruited for this new level of organization of these three viral proteins involved in transcription. The cellular proteins co-immunoprecipitated with the complex FLAG-N/P/M2-1, were: Hsp70, Hsp90 (Heat shock proteins 70 and 90), Npm (Nucleophosmin), that we can group as chaperones; PABPC1, YBX1, YBX3, RNA ligands; and the methylosome sub-unit pICIn, post-translational modification-associated. We detailed the analysis for YBX3, obtaining additional evidence of its interaction with M2-1 in fragmented protein complementation tests (Split-NanoLuc), and co-localization by indirect immunofluorescence. Finally, we used the methodology of expression in bacteria to demonstrate the interaction between M2-1 and functional domains of PABPC1, but these tests were not conclusive.
 
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Release Date
2020-08-13
Publishing Date
2018-09-03
 
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