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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2012.tde-19042013-094053
Document
Author
Full name
Paulo Guilherme Guimarães Ribeiro
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Ventura, Armando Morais (President)
Durigon, Edison Luiz
Ho, Paulo Lee
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização funcional e antigênica da proteína de matriz do Vírus Respiratório Sincicial humano.
Keywords in Portuguese
Paramyxoviridae
Doenças respiratórias
Infecções por vírus de RNA
Sistema imune
Virologia
Abstract in Portuguese
O Vírus Respiratório Sincicial humano (hRSV human Respiratory Syncytial Virus) está entre os principais causadores de doenças do trato respiratório. O hRSV pertence à família Paramyxoviridae. Os sintomas da infecção podem variar de simples estado gripal a doença respiratória grave, e eventualmente levar a óbito. Atualmente não há vacina licenciada ou droga eficaz contra esse vírus. Anteriormente foram obtidos, em nosso laboratório, vetores com genes otimizados. Com essas ferramentas a proteína M foi produzida e purificada tendo sido possível obter anticorpos policlonais específicos e eficientes na sua detecção. Com esses anticorpos confirmamos a interação da proteína M com as proteínas celulares tropomiosina e nucleofosmina. Também foi demonstrado por imunofluorescência e por western blotting que a proteína M quando expressa fora do contexto de infecção apresenta localização nuclear e citoplasmática. Foram feitos testes de imunização com a proteína M purificada ou com um vetor eucariótico que a expressa (DNA). A imunização com proteína M resultou apenas em resposta humoral, enquanto com a vacina de DNA obtivemos apenas resposta celular. Nenhum desses imunógenos, entretanto, foi capaz de conferir proteção contra hRSV.
Title in English
Functional and antigenic characterization of human Respiratory Syncytial Virus matrix protein.
Keywords in English
Paramyxoviridae
Immune system
Respiratory diseases
RNA virus infections
Virology
Abstract in English
The human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (hRSV) is among the main causes of respiratory tract diseases, hRSV belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family. The symptoms of the infection can range from simple flulike state to severe respiratory disease eventually leading to death. Currently there is no licensed vaccine or effective drug against this virus. Vectors with genes optimized for of the hRSV Matrix protein (M) expression in bacteria and in eukaryotic cells were previously obtained in our lab. With these tools the M protein was produced and purified. Specific and efficient polyclonal antibodies could then be obtained and used for its detection. Using these antibodies we confirmed M interaction with cellular proteins tropomyosin and nucleophosmin. It was also demonstrated by immunofluorescence and western blotting that protein M when expressed out of viral infection context, presents cytoplasmic and nuclear localization. Immunization tests were made with the purified M protein or with a eukaryotic vector that expresses it (DNA). Immunization with M protein resulted only in humoral response, while with the DNA vaccine only cellular response was obtained. None of these antigens, however, was able to confer protection against hRSV.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-05-28
 
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