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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2008.tde-24112008-132327
Document
Author
Full name
Henri Donnarumma Levy Bentubo
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Gambale, Valderez (President)
Silva, Marcia Ribeiro Pinto da
Zaitz, Clarisse
Title in Portuguese
Leveduras do gênero Trichosporon: aspectos ecológicos, caracterização laboratorial, fatores associados à virulência e suscetibilidade a antifúngicos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Antifúngicos
Diagnóstico laboratorial
Ecologia dos microrganismos
Leveduras
Trichosporon
Virulência
Abstract in Portuguese
Trichosporon spp. são patógenos oportunistas emergentes que causam alta mortalidade entre pacientes imunocomprometidos. A presente investigação teve como objetivos avaliar aspectos ecológicos relacionados à colonização humana e animal; testar 28 amostras de Trichosporon através de métodos de caracterização laboratorial clássica, detectar a atividade enzimática extracelular e avaliar a suscetibilidade desses isolados contra os antifúngicos. A expressão de melanina e glucuronoxylomanana (GXM) em parede celular foi estudada em T. asahii., Trichosporon inkin e T. asahii foram isolados da região perigenital de duas mulheres e dois tamanduás, respectivamente. Microbiologicamente, as amostras investigadas (28) apresentaram características morfológicas e fisiológicas compatíveis com as descritas na literatura. Pouca especificidade na identificação de Trichosporon spp. foi verificada em CHROMagar Candida® e API ID 32C®. O estudo da atividade de exoenzimas demonstra a relevância na produção de lipase. Não foi possível detectar a expressão de melanina em T. asahii. No entanto, GXM foi expressa por amostra-padrão e isolado clínico da mesma espécie. Embora os pontos de corte não estejam, ainda, bem estabelecidos para Trichosporon spp., os testes sugerem valores elevados de concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) para anfotericina B, fluconazol, itraconazol e cetoconazol. Voriconazol demonstrou maior eficácia contra Trichosporon spp. A maior parte das amostras apresentou resistência a caspofungina.
Title in English
Yeasts of the genus Trichosporon: ecological aspects, laboratorial characterization, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility.
Keywords in English
Trichosporon
Antifungal
Diagnostic
Microbial ecology
Virulence
Yeasts
Abstract in English
Trichosporon spp. are emergent opportunistic pathogens that cause high mortality among immunocompromised patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate ecological aspects related to human and animal colonization; to test 28 samples of Trichosporon spp. on classic laboratorial characterization, detection of the extracellular enzymatic activity and antifungal susceptibility (E-test®). Melanin and glucuronoxylomanan (GXM) wall expression was studied in T. asahii. Trichosporon inkin and T. asahii were isolated from perigenital area of two women and from the haircoat of two anteaters, respectively. Microbiologically, the samples studied (28) have presented morphological and physiological characteristics according to descriptions of the literature. Few specificity on identification of Trichosporon spp. was verified at CHROMagar Candida® and API ID 32C® commercial tests. The extracellular enzymatic activity showed the relevance of lipase production. The melanin wall expression was not verified in T. asahii.. On the other hand, GXM was expressed by the control and the clinical sample, both of the same specie. Though the sensibility break points were still not established for Trichosporon spp., the tests indicate high values of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) for amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole and cetoconazole. Voriconazole showed the best results against Trichosporon spp. The most part of the samples was resistant to caspofungin.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-05-13
 
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