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Thèse de Doctorat
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2009.tde-29012010-105119
Document
Auteur
Nom complet
Elisabete Aparecida de Almeida
Unité de l'USP
Domain de Connaissance
Date de Soutenance
Editeur
São Paulo, 2009
Directeur
Jury
Timenetsky, Jorge (Président)
Correa, Benedito
Nogueira, Pericles Alves
Seiscento, Márcia
Silva, Érica Chimara
Titre en portugais
Sensibilidade de bactérias do complexo Mycobacterium tuberculosis as drogas anti tuberculosas avaliadas por duas metodologias em centro terciário de referência ambulatorial.
Mots-clés en portugais
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Resistência microbiana às drogas
Tuberculose pulmonar
Resumé en portugais
Avaliou-se a aplicação rotineira de um método automatizado TSMA em comparação ao convencional TSMP na determinação da sensibilidade a drogas anti-micobacterianas de 126 isolados clínicos de bactérias do complexo M. tuberculosis. Os isolados clínicos foram divididos em: sem tratamento (NT), tratado anteriormente (RT) e multirresistentes (MDR). A concordância entre TSMP e TSMA, para Rifampicina no NT, foi de 98.3%, p=1.000 e Kappa=0.659. No RT, foi de 94.3%,p=0.625 e Kappa=0.639, no MR, foi de 96.6%, p=0.625 e Kappa=0.651. Para Hidrazida, no NT, foi de 88.5%, p=0.125 e Kappa=0.408 no RT foram de 88.6%, p=0.625 e Kappa=0.645 no de pacientes MR, foi de 86,7%, p=0.625 e Kappa=0.053. Para Estreptomicina no NT, foi de 93.5%, p=0.125 e Kappa=0.635. No RT, foi de 79.4%, p=0.016 e KAPPA=0.296 no MR, foi de 76,6%, p=0.453 e Kappa=0.533. Para Etambutol, no NT, foi de 93.4%, p=0.125 e Kappa=0.315, no RT foi de 94.3%, p=0.500 e Kappa=0.478. No MR, foi de 72.4%, p=0.70ª e Kappa=0.455. A metodologia automatizada mostrou-se mais rápida.
Titre en anglais
Susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to antituberculous drugs by traditional and automated means in diagnosis and treatment of people with tuberculosis.
Mots-clés en anglais
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Microbial drug resistance
Pulmonary tuberculosis
Resumé en anglais
We evaluated the routinely application of an automated system(STAM) and the conventional method (STPM), used to determine the profile of sensitivity to antimycobacterial drugs of 126 clinical isolates of the complex M. tuberculosis. Clinical isolates was group divided into: without treatment (WT), previously treated (PT) and multidrug resistant (MDR).Concordant result between STPM and STAM, for Rifampin, in WT, was 98.3%, p=1.000 and Kappa=0.659. PT, was 94.3%, p=0.625 and Kappa=0.639; in MDR, was 96.6%, p=0.625 and Kappa=0.651. For Hidrazin, WT, was 88.5%, p=0.125 and Kappa=0.408; in PT, 88.6%, p=0.625 and Kappa=0.645; for MDR, 86.7%, p=0.625 and Kappa=0.053. For Streptomycin, PT was 93.5%, p=0.125 and Kappa=0.635. In PT, was 79,5%, p=0.016 and Kappa=0.296; in MDR, 76.6%, p=0.453 and Kappa=0.533. For Ethambutol, WT was 93.4%, p=0.125; in PT 94.3%, p=0.500 and Kappa=0.478. MDR was 72.4%, p=0.70 and kappa=0.455. Evaluation of mycobacterial sensitivity was faster in the automated method when compared with the conventional method.
 
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Date de Publication
2010-02-26
 
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