• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2013.tde-07062014-100532
Document
Author
Full name
Eliseu Frank de Araujo
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Calich, Vera Lucia Garcia (President)
Campa, Ana
Nunes, Anderson de Sá
Peron, Jean Pierre Schatzmann
Soares, Angela Maria Victoriano de Campos
Title in Portuguese
Influência da enzima indolamina-2,3-dioxigenase na diferenciação e função das células dendríticas e T reguladoras na paracoccidiodomicose pulmonar de camundongos resistentes e suscetíveis ao Paracoccidioides brasilienses.
Keywords in Portuguese
Paracoccidióides brasiliensis
Camundongos
Células dendríticas
Diferenciação celular
Imunologia celular
Abstract in Portuguese
Paracoccidioidomicose é adquirida pela via respiratória e a enzima indolamina-2,3-dioxigenase (IDO) e o catabolismo do triptofano estão envolvidos no controle da imunidade inata e adaptativa contra patógenos. Investigamos o papel da IDO na doença em animais suscetíveis (B10.A) e resistentes (A/J). Caracterizamos o efeito do tratamento com 1-Metil-DL-Triptofano (1MT) no fenótipo e comportamento de células dendríticas (DCs) e T reguladoras (Tregs) de A/J e B10.A quanto à expressão de IDO. IDO controla a carga fúngica de A/J e B10.A, reduzindo a imunidade de TCD4 e TCD8 e aumentando Tregs. Constatamos que IDO diminuiu a migração de DCs para o pulmão de A/J e B10.A e a inibição da atividade anti-inflamatória de IDO por 1MT tem um efeito deletério somente em B10.A cuja suscetibilidade é ligada à excessiva atividade pró-inflamatória. A infecção de A/J e B10.A parece induzir as funções catalítica e sinalizadora de IDO.Grande parte da função de IDO nos mecanismos imunorreguladores na paracoccidioidomicose se faz através da modulação da função de DCs em A/J e B10.A.
Title in English
Influence of the enzyme indolamine-2 ,3-dioxygenase in the differentiation and function of regulatory T and dendritic cells in the paracoccidioidomycosis of susceptible and resistant mice to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.
Keywords in English
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Cell differentiation
Cell immunology
Dendritic cells
Mice
Abstract in English
Paracoccidioidomycosis is acquired by the respiratory route and the enzyme indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and tryptophan catabolism are involved in the control of innate and adaptive immunity against pathogens. We investigated the role of IDO in the infection in susceptible (B10.A) and resistant (A/J) mice. We characterized the effect of treatment with 1-Methyl-DL-Tryptophan (1MT) in the behavior and phenotype of dendritic cells (DCs) and regulatory T cells (Tregs) from A/J and B10.A for expression of IDO. IDO controls the fungal load in A/J and B10.A, reducing the immunity of CD4 and CD8 T cells and Tregs increased. IDO decreased the migration of DCs to the lung of A/J and B10.A and inhibition of anti-inflammatory activity of IDO by 1MT has a deleterious effect only in B10.A whose susceptibility is linked to excessive proinflammatory activity. Infection of A/J and B10.A appears to induce catalytic functions of IDO. Much of the function IDO immunoregulatory mechanisms paracoccidioidomycosis is done by modulating the function of DCs in A/J and B10.A.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2014-06-11
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.