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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2014.tde-15122014-080753
Document
Author
Full name
Karina Ribeiro da Silva
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Isaac, Lourdes (President)
Pontillo, Alessandra
Vasconcelos, Dewton de Moraes
Title in Portuguese
Investigação das bases moleculares da imunodeficiência primária da proteína C3 do sistema complemento humano.
Keywords in Portuguese
Deficiência de C3
Exclusão de éxon
Sitema complemento
Abstract in Portuguese
O sistema complemento participa da imunidade natural e da imunidade adquirida. Este sistema pode ser ativado por três diferentes vias: a via clássica, a via alternativa e a via das lectinas, desencadeando uma cascata proteolítica que irá resultar na possível eliminação de microorganismos e, por sua vez, no restabelecimento da homeostasia do indivíduo. A proteína C3 possui um papel central participando das três vias deste sistema. Sua clivagem gera fragmentos que estão associados a várias funções biológicas como opsonização, quimiotaxia, anafilatoxinas, além da formação da C3-convertases, que amplificam a via de ativação efetora contra patógenos. A completa deficiência de C3 é rara, está comumente associada a repetidas infecções, ao desenvolvimento de doenças mediadas por imunocomplexos e glomerulonefrite. Neste trabalho nós investigamos as bases moleculares desta deficiência em uma paciente com histórico de consanguinidade. Nosso estudo identificou uma mutação genética responsável pela completa deleção do éxon 27, implicando na perda de 99 nucleotídeos (região 3450 até 3549 correspondente ao cDNA do C3). O sequenciamento do gene C3 da região 6690313 até 6690961 mostrou uma troca de nucleotídeos T por um C (T → C) na posição 6690626, causando a exclusão do o éxon 27 e deficiência da proteína C3 do complemento humano nessa paciente. Também confirmamos o padrão de herança autossômica recessiva desta deficiência. Verificamos ainda que os fibloblastos da paciente estimulados com LPS por 24 h foram incapazes de secretar a proteína C3, o que nos leva a suspeitar que esta proteína mutante seja rapidamente degradada ainda dentro da célula, impedindo sua liberação para o meio extracelular.
Title in English
Investigation of molecular basis of the primary immune deficiency C3 protein of the human complement system.
Keywords in English
C3 deficiency
Complement system
Exon skipping
Abstract in English
The complement system participates in the natural immunity and acquired immunity. This system can be activated by three different pathways: the classical pathway, the alternative pathway and the lectin pathway, triggering a proteolytic cascade that will possibly result in the elimination of microorganisms and, in turn, in restoring the homeostasis of the individual. The C3 protein has a central role in the activation of all pathways. Its cleavage produces fragments that are associated with various biological functions such as opsonization, chemotaxis, and production of anaphylatoxins. In addition, the C3 participates in formation of C3 convertase of the alternative pathway which amplifies the activation of effector against pathogens. The complete C3 deficiency is rare and commonly associated with recurrent infections, development of diseases mediated by immune complexes and glomerulonephritis. In this work, we investigated the molecular basis of this deficiency in a patient family with a history of consanguinity. Our study has identified a genetic mutation responsible for the complete deletion of exon 27, resulting in the loss of 99 nucleotides (region 3450 to 3549 of the cDNA corresponding to C3). The sequencing of the C3 region 6690313 to 6690961 showed a T nucleotide exchange to C (T → C) at position 6690626 causing deletion of exon 27 leading to deficiency of the human complement protein C3 in this patient. We also confirmed the autosomal recessive patters of this patient deficiency in the family. We observed that patient fibroblasts stimulated with LPS for 24 h were unable to secrete C3, which leads us to suspect that this protein is degraded within the cell preventing its release into the extracellular.
 
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Release Date
2016-12-15
Publishing Date
2014-12-16
 
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