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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2012.tde-18092012-110222
Document
Author
Full name
Lilian Cristina Buzzetto
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Rizzo, Luiz Vicente (President)
Mauro, Eliana Faquim de Lima
Vasconcelos, Dewton de Moraes
Title in Portuguese
Estudo molecular da via extrínseca da apoptose em indivíduos com imunodeficiência comum variável.
Keywords in Portuguese
Apoptose
Células mononucleares
imunodeficiência comum variável
imunofenotipagem
imunologia celular
imunologia clínica
linfócitos B
Abstract in Portuguese
A Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum (ICV) é caracterizada por baixos níveis de imunoglobulinas com susceptibilidade a. Analisamos a distribuição de linfócitos, apoptose espontânea e a expressão gênica de receptores de morte, ligantes, adaptadores, moléculas reguladoras, inibidoras e anti-apotóticas em células CD4+ e CD8+ de 19 pacientes ICV e 19 controles. Pacientes com ICV apresentam diminuição na frequência de linfócitos TCD4+ e CD4+CD45RA+ e menor relação CD4/CD8 que indivíduos saudáveis. O grupo de pacientes mostrou maior frequência de apoptose espontânea em linfócitos totais e CD4+. Células CD4+ dos indivíduos afetados apresentaram menor expressão gênica de TRAIL-R, BCL-2, FLIPL e FADD; células CD8+ apresentaram diminuição da expressão gênica de TRAIL, FADD, BCL-2, BCL -xL e um aumento de FLIPs. Os resultados sugerem um desequilíbrio nos mecanismos que controlam a apoptose de linfócitos nestes pacientes, o que pode ajudar a elucidar as alterações observadas no compartimento de células T dos pacientes com ICV.
Title in English
Molecular study of extrinsec apoptosis pathway in patients with Common Variable Immunodeficiency.
Keywords in English
Apoptosis
B lymphocytes
Cellular immunology
Clinical Immunology
Common variable immunodeficiency
Immunophenotyping
Mononuclear cells
Abstract in English
Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) is is characterized by low immunoglobulins levels with susceptibility to infections. We have analyzed T cell distribution and spontaneous apoptosis in peripheral blood of CVID, as well as gene expression of several molecules involved in apoptosis, including death receptors, ligands, adapters, regulatory and anti-apototic molecules in CD4+ and CD8+ cells of 19 CVID patients and 19 healthy subjects. CVID subjects present decreased frequency of TCD4+ and CD4+ CD45RA+ cells and lower CD4/CD8 ratio than healthy controls. CVID group also presented higher frequency of spontaneous apoptosis in lymphocytes and CD4+ cells. CD4+ showed lower expression of TRAIL-R, BCL-2, FLIPL and FADD; CD8+ cells presented lower expression of TRAIL, FADD, BCL-2, BCL-xL and a augment of FLIP. Results suggest an imbalance in mechanisms controlling cell death of those patients lymphocytes, which might help to elucidate the changes observed in T cell compartment of CVID patients.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-10-23
 
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