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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2002.tde-20062002-113130
Document
Author
Full name
Patricia Bianca Clissa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Silva, Ana Maria Moura da (President)
Araújo, Heloisa Sobreiro Selistre de
Coelho, Thereza Christina Barja Fidalgo
Sannomiya, Paulina
Starobinas, Nancy
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização do Efeito da Jacaragina sobre a Produção e Liberação de Citocinas Pró-inflamatórias em Modelo Murino
Keywords in Portuguese
citocinas
inflamação
jararagina
metaloproteinase
venenos de serpentes
Abstract in Portuguese
O efeito inflamatório da jararagina, toxina hemorrágica do veneno de Bothrops jararaca, foi avaliado através de um sistema in vitro (células peritoneais murinas-MPACs) e in vivo (coxim plantar de camundongos), onde foi avaliada a produção de mRNA que codifica as citocinas TNF-a, IL-1b e IL-6 por RT-PCR e a liberação destas no sobrenadante de cultura e no local de injeção (ELISA). Além disso, o domínio da jararagina responsável pela liberação local das citocinas foi estudado. Nossos resultados mostram que a jararagina induziu a expressão de mRNA que codifica para o TNF-a, IL-1b e IL-6 em MPACs, 4 horas após o estímulo, entretanto a ação enzimática da jararagina interferiu com a detecção dstas citocinas no sobrenadante da cultura. A jararagina inibida com EDTA induziu a liberação destas citocinas no modelo in vitro (MPACs). No modelo in vivo foi verificada a liberação local de TNF-a, IL-1b e IL-6 no sobrenadante do homogenato do tecido, sendo a IL-6 a citocina liberada em maior quantidade. Tanto o domínio disintegrina/rico em cisteína, como o metaloproteinase, da jararagina, participam desta liberação. Este estudo mostrou o envolvimento direto de citocinas em um modelo inflamatório, liberadas pela metaloproteinase de veneno botrópico, em cultura de células e também no local da injeção.
Title in English
Effect of jararhagin on the production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokies in a murine model
Keywords in English
cytokines
disintegrins
inflammation
jararhagin
metalloproteinases
snake venom
Abstract in English
The inflammatory effect of jararhagin, a haemorrhagic toxin from Bothrops jararaca venom, was evaluated in an in vitro (Murine Peritoneal Adherent Cells-MPACs) and in vivo system (mouse footpad), through the production of TNF-a, IL-1b and IL-6 mRNA (RT-PCR) and the release of these cytokines in the culture supernatant and locally at the site of injection (ELISA). In addition the domain of jararhagin responsible for the local release of cytokines was studied. Our results showed that the jararhagin can induce the mRNA expression for TNF-a, IL-1b and IL-6 in MPACs at 4 hours after treatment, however the enzymatic activity of jararhagin was found to affect the detection of the cytokines in the culture supernatant. The jararhagin inhibited with EDTA was found to induce the release of these cytokines by MPACs. Concerning the in vivo model, the local release of TNF-a, IL-1b and IL-6 was detected in the footpad homogenate. Both of the jararhagin domains, the metalloproteinase and the disintegrin/cystein rich domains play a role in this release. This study showed the direct involvment of cytokines in an inflammatory model, released by snake venom metalloproteinases in the cell culture and also locally at the site of injection.
 
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tde.pdf (442.88 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2003-10-15
 
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