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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2007.tde-30012008-155616
Document
Author
Full name
Daniel Manzoni de Almeida
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Tambourgi, Denise Vilarinho (President)
Farsky, Sandra Helena Poliselli
Furtado, Maria de Fátima Domingues
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do potencial neutralizante do soro equino anti-Esfingomielinases D recombinantes, sobre as ações tóxicas dos venenos das aranhas Loxosceles.
Keywords in Portuguese
Loxosceles
Antissoros
Esfingomielinases D
Loxoscelismo
Soroterapia
Venenos.
Abstract in Portuguese
Os envenenamentos por aranhas das espécies L. laeta, L. intermedia e L. gaucho, podem causar dermonecrose e efeitos sistêmicos. O principal componente tóxico do veneno destas apresenta atividade de esfingomielinase D (SMase D). O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o potencial neutralizante do novo soro anti-SMases D recombinantes e do soro anti-Aracnídico contra os efeitos tóxicos dos três venenos. A análise por "Western blot" revelou que o anti-Aracnídico reconheceu a maioria dos componentes presentes nos três venenos, enquanto o anti-SMases D reconheceu apenas os componentes de 30-35 kDa, correspondente às isoformas nativas de SMases D. Por ELISA, verificou-se que o soro anti-SMases D contém títulos superiores de IgGT, IgGa, b e c e. Nos testes de soroneutralização, o soro anti-SMases D tem melhor atividade inibitória sobre as atividades dermonecrótica, hemolítica e esfingomielinásica dos venenos de L. intermedia e L. laeta. Para o veneno de L. gaucho, o soro anti-Aracnídico teve resultados similares ou melhores. Embora o soro anti-SMases D apresente um significante potencial neutralizante é necessária a inclusão da SMase D do veneno de L. gaucho para a obtenção de um anti-soro eficaz contra estes venenos.
Title in English
Study of the neutralization potential of the anti-recombinant Sphingomyelinases D serum, on the toxic effects of Loxosceles spider venoms.
Keywords in English
Loxosceles
Antisera
Loxoscelism
Serum therapy
Sphingomyelinases D
Venoms.
Abstract in English
Envenomation by spiders of species L. laeta, L. intermedia and L. gaucho causes local dermonecrosis and systemic effects. The main toxic component is endowed with sphingomyelinase D (SMase D) activity. The aim of this study was to compare the neutralization potentials of the anti-SMases D and the anti-arachnidic sera, against the toxic effects of venoms of these three species. The analysis by western blot has revealed that the anti-arachnidic serum was able to recognize the majority of the components present on the venoms of the three species, but anti-SMases D has recognized only components of 30-35 kDa, which corresponds to natives SMases D. By ELISA, it has been determined that the anti-SMases D serum contains higher titres of IgGT, IgGa, b and c than the anti-arachnidic serum. Serum neutralization tests have showed that the anti-SMases D serum has better inhibitory shingomyelinasic, dermonecrotic and haemolytic activities of the venoms from L. intermedia and L. laeta. For L. gaucho venom, the results have been similar or better than the anti-arachnidic serum. Although the anti-SMases D serum shows a significant neutralization potential, it is necessary the inclusion of a SMase D from L. gaucho venom, to obtain a efficient antiserum against this venom.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-02-13
 
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