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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Marilene Elizabete Pavan Rodrigues
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2007
Xavier Neto, José (President)
Franchini, Kleber Gomes
Yan, Chao Yun Irene
Title in Portuguese
Variantes do gene RALDH2 e doenças cardíacas congênitas.
Keywords in Portuguese
Controle gênico.
Genética do desenvolvimento
Genética médica
Genética molecular
Abstract in Portuguese
Nós investigamos o papel da variação genética do gene RALDH2 e as doenças cardíacas congênitas (DCCs). Seis SNPs foram utilizados em um estudo de TDT. Testes de associação foram desenvolvidos e tanto os marcadores testados quanto os haplótipos analisados não mostraram associação com a doença. Análise do polimorfismo A151G indica que a variante produz mudanças substanciais na estrutura do RNAm. Esta variante está localizada em um exonic splicing enhancer (ESE). Estudos funcionais de splicing não mostraram impacto significante desta variante sobre a alteração do splicing do gene. Este estudo foi aplicado à outra mutação (G151T) encontrada no exon 4 durante o sequenciamento do gene RALDH2 e mostrou aumento no sinal de splicing. Nós encontramos mais quatro mutações: rs34645259 (5'UTR), T157G (exon 4), rs4646626 (exon 9) e rs35251510 (exon 11). Em resumo, não foi encontrada associação entre DCCs e variações genéticas no gene RALDH2. As mutações encontradas deverão ser analisadas funcionalmente de forma a definir seu papel na perturbação da via do AR em humanos.
Title in English
RALDH2 genetic variants and congenital heart disease.
Keywords in English
Developmental genetics
Gene control.
Human genetics
Molecular genetics
Abstract in English
The aim of the study was to investigate the role of genetic variation in the RALDH2 locus and congenital heart disease. Six different SNPs were analyzed in 101 patient-parents trios in a TDT study. None of the markers displayed any association with CHD. No single haplotype was associated with an increased risk of CHD. Analysis of the A151G polymorphism indicated that the variant produced substantial changes in mRNA structure. This variant is also localized in a putative exonic splicing enhancer (ESE). Functional splicing studies failed to reveal a significant impact of this variant and gene splicing. This methodology was applied to another mutation (G151T) found in exon 4 during the sequencing of RALDH2 gene and an increase in splicing signal was observed. We found four mutations more: rs34645259, T157G (exon 4), rs4646626 and rs35251510. In summary, no association between CHD and genetic variation at the RALDH2 locus in humans was found. Potential functional genetic variants should be further studied in order to define their real role in RA pathway disturbances.
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