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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2017.tde-14072017-120148
Document
Author
Full name
Carlos Gustavo Baptista
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Silber, Ariel Mariano (President)
Alfonso, Martin Rodrigo Alejandro Wurtele
Alves, Maria Julia Manso
Festuccia, William Tadeu Lara
Title in Portuguese
Metabolismo de serina: caracterização de serina hidroximetiltransferase de Trypanosoma cruzi.
Keywords in Portuguese
Knockout
Índice de infecção
Recombinação homóloga
SHMT
Abstract in Portuguese
A doença de Chagas é uma doença causada pelo protozoário parasita Trypanosoma cruzi, que afeta cerca de 10 milhões de pessoas, principalmente nas Américas. O T. cruzi utiliza aminoácidos como importante fonte de energia e em vários processos biológicos como diferenciação, resistência a condições de estresse e invasão de células hospedeiras. A serina está envolvida em muitas vias biosintéticas. Uma das funções relevantes da serina é a formação de compostos C1 para a biossíntese de nucleotídeos. O uso de serina para esse fim é iniciado pela Serina Hidroximetiltransferase, cuja atividade foi detectada em T. cruzi, mas seu papel na biologia do parasita permanece pouco explorado. Neste trabalho, identificamos um gene que codifica uma Serina Hidroximetiltransferase putativa com dupla localização (citoplasmática e mitocondrial). Por recombinação homóloga, obtemos parasitas knockouts heterozigotos nos quais um alelo de SHMT foi substituído pelo gene da neomicina fosfotransferase. Os parasitas knockouts não mostraram diferenças na taxa de crescimento das formas epimastigotas ou na metaciclogênese in vitro. Porém, os parasitas knockouts mostraram uma diminuição significativa tanto no índice de infecção como no número de tripomastigotas liberados de células CHO-K1 infectadas com formas metacíclicas knockout.
Title in English
Metabolism of serine: characterization of serine hydroxymethyltransferase of Trypanosoma cruzi.
Keywords in English
Homologous recombination
Infection index
Knockout
SHMT
Abstract in English
Chagas disease is a disorder caused by the protozoa parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which affects about 10 million people, mainly in the Americas. T. cruzi uses amino acids as an important energy source and in several biological processes such as differentiation, resistance to stress conditions and in the host-cell invasion. Serine is involved in many biosynthetic pathways. One of the relevant functions of serine is the formation of C1 compounds for the biosynthesis of nucleotides. The use of serine for that purpose is initiated by Serine Hydroxymethyltransferase, whose activity was detected in T. cruzi but its role in the biology of parasite remains poorly explored. In this work we identified a putative gene encoding a SHMT with dual localization, cytoplasmic and mitochondrial. We generated a single knockout cell line by homologous recombination in which one allele of SHMT was replaced by the neomycin phosphotransferase gene. Knockout parasites showed no difference in epimastigote growth rate or in in vitro metacyclogenesis. However, knockout parasites showed a significant decrease in both, infection index and in the number of trypomastigotes released from CHO-K1cells infected with knockout metacyclic forms.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-07-14
 
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