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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Aramys Silva dos Reis
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Marinho, Claudio Romero Farias (President)
Bevilacqua, Estela Maris Andrade Forell
Bortoluci, Karina Ramalho
Peraçoli, Maria Terezinha Serrão
Pontillo, Alessandra
Title in Portuguese
Papel do inflamassoma na imunopatogênese da malária grave.
Keywords in Portuguese
Plasmodium
Inflamassoma
Malária
Malária placentária
Síndrome respiratória
Abstract in Portuguese
A síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo (SDRA) e a malária placentária (MP) são complicações da malária, cujos mecanismos imunopatogênicos pouco compreendidos. Neste trabalho, mostramos que camundongos MyD88-/- e Casp1/11-/- não desenvolveu SDRA, morrendo devido ao quadro de anemia severa associada à hiperparasitemia. Posteriormente, demonstrou-se que, embora a patogênese da doença dependa do inflamassoma AIM2, não depende dos inflamassomas NLRP3 e NLRC4 e do eixo IL1. Em uma segunda etapa do projeto foi mostrado que a progressão da PM são decorrentes da ativação das vias de sinalização TLR4/9/MyD88, mas não do TLR2. Ademais, evidenciou-se a participação dos inflamassomas NLRP3 e AIM2, porém não do NLRC4, nesse processo. Por fim, os dados obtidos sugerem que a ativação dessas vias culmina com a liberação de IL-1β que, ao agir em seu receptor, inibe a expressão de transportadores de aminoácidos e glicose, com consequente disfunção do desenvolvimento do feto em camundongos grávidas com MP. Em conclusão, este trabalho apresenta, pela primeira vez, uma associação entre a ativação da via MyD88 e dos inflamassomas pelo plasmódio e a progressão da SDRA e MP.
Title in English
Role of the inflammasome in the immunopathogenesis of severe malaria.
Keywords in English
Plasmodium
Inflammasome
Malaria
Placental malaria
Respiratory syndrome
Abstract in English
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and placental malaria (PM) are complications of the malaria, whose the immunopathogenic mechanisms are poorly understood. In that study we showed that MyD88-/- and Casp 1/11-/- mice did not develop ARDS, dying due to severe anemia associated to hyperparasitemia. Subsequently, it was been shown that although such mechanism depends on the AIM2 inflammasome, it does not depend on the NLRP3 and NLRC4 inflammasomes and the IL-1 axis. In a second stage of the project, it should be noted that those complications are due to the activation of the TLR4/9/MyD88 signaling pathways, but not the TLR2. In addition, the participation of the NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammosomes, but not the NLRC4 was shown in that process. Finally, the data suggest that the activation of these pathways culminates with the release of the IL-1β which acts on its receptor inhibiting the amino acid expression and glucose transporters with a consequent dysfunction in the fetal development of pregnant mice with MP. In conclusion, this work makes for the first time an association between the MyD88 pathway activation and inflammasomes by plasmodium and the progression of the ARDS and MP.
 
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Release Date
2019-07-14
Publishing Date
2017-07-14
 
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