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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Vanessa Cristina Nicolete
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2012
Ferreira, Marcelo Urbano (President)
Katzin, Alejandro Miguel
Soares, Irene da Silva
Title in Portuguese
Polimorfismo no grupo sanguíneo Duffy e anticorpos IgG naturalmente adquiridos contra a proteína de ligação em Duffy de Plasmodium vivax (PvDBP) na Amazônia rural brasileira.
Keywords in Portuguese
Doenças parasitárias
Abstract in Portuguese
A proteína de ligação em Duffy (PvDBP) dos merozoítos de P. vivax se liga a glicoproteínas de membrana, chamadas de grupo sanguíneo Duffy, conhecidas como DARC. Indivíduos DARC negativos são normalmente resistentes a infecção estágio sanguínea por P. vivax; portanto, PvDBP é um forte antígeno canditato a vacina. Aqui, investigamos respostas de anticorpos contra três proteínas derivadas de PvDBP e MSP119, em 343 indivíduos de uma região Amazônica brasileira. Anticorpos contra Sal III-His, OII-His, Sal III-IV-GST e MSP119-GST foram encontrados em 43,7%, 39,0%, 14,3% e 38,8% dos indivíduos. Os indivíduos FY*BESFY*BES foram os que menos apresentaram anticorpos contra PvDBP, porém encontramos proporções similares de respondedores entre indivíduos com outros genótipos. A análise de sequências revelou muitas variantes da região II de PvDBP em 41 isolados. A mais comum (encontrada em 28,8% dos isolados), difere de Sal I e PNG- O em seis codóns de aminoácidos. Nenhuma variante tipo Sal I, cujo protótipo de vacina está em teste clínico, foi encontrada nos parasitas locais.
Title in English
Duffy blood group polymorphism and naturally acquired IgG antibodies to Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein (PvDBP) in rural Amazonians.
Keywords in English
Parasitic diseases
Abstract in English
The Duffy binding protein (PvDBP) of the P. vivax merozoites, which binds to a erythrocyte membrane glycoprotein known as Duffy blood group antigen for chemokines (DARC). DARC-negative individuals are usually resistant to blood-stage infection with P. vivax; therefore, PvDBP is a major vaccine candidate antigen. Here, we investigated antibody responses to three proteins derived from PvDBP and MSP119, in 343 subjects in the Amazon of Brazil. Antibodies to Sal III-His, OII-His, Sal III-IV-GST and MSP119-GST were found in 43,7 %, 39,0%, 14,3% and 38,8% of the subjects. FY*BESFY*BES individuals were less likely to have antibodies to PvDBP, but we found similar proportions of seropositive subjects with other genotypes. Sequence analysis revealed several region II PvDBP variants in 41 local P. vivax isolates. The most common of them (found in 28,8% isolates) differs from Sal I and PNG-O alleles in six amino acid codons. No Sal I-type variant, from which a PvDBP-based vaccine prototype currently under clinical testing has been derived, was found in local parasites.
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