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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2013.tde-16062014-105416
Document
Author
Full name
Flavia Gomes Illa Ornelas
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Ferreira, Zulma Felisbina da Silva (President)
Alves, Luciana Pescatore
Muscara, Marcelo Nicolas
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização de ecto-nucleotidases na glândula pineal de ratos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Ativação enzimática
Expressão gênica
Glândula pineal
Nucleotídeos
Ratos
Abstract in Portuguese
A glândula pineal é um órgão neuroendócrino regulado pelo fotoperíodo ambiental. Sua principal inervação é constituída por fibras simpáticas provenientes do gânglio cervical superior que, liberando noradrenalina, ativa receptores b1 adrenérgicos resultando na produção noturna de melatonina, cuja biossíntese envolve a conversão da serotonina à NAS. O ATP, co-liberado com a noradrenalina, liga-se a receptores purinérgicos presentes na pineal e leva a uma potenciação da produção de NAS. Após a liberação, o ATP sofre rápida degradação enzimática, degradação esta, funcionalmente importante, uma vez que metabólitos do ATP atuam como ligantes em diferentes receptores. Os receptores purinérgicos são classificados em duas grandes famílias: receptores P1, que reconhecem adenosina e, receptores P2, que reconhecem principalmente ATP, ADP e AMP. Várias famílias de enzimas estão envolvidas na hidrólise de ATP liberado para o meio extracelular, sendo elas: as E-NTPDases, as E-NPPs e a ecto-5'-nucleotidase. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar a expressão gênica, a distribuição celular e a atividade das ecto-nucleotidases na glândula pineal de ratos a fim de aprimorar a caracterização do sistema purinérgico neste órgão.
Title in English
Caracterization of ecto-nucleotidases in the rat pineal gland.
Keywords in English
Enzyme activation
Gene expression
Nucleotides
Pineal gland
Rats
Abstract in English
The pineal gland is a neuroendocrine organ regulated by environmental photoperiod. Its main innervation is constitute by fibers from the sympathetic superior cervical ganglion that by releasing noradrenaline active b1 adrenergic receptors resulting in the nocturnal production of melatonin whose biosynthesis involves the conversion of serotonin to NAS. ATP, co-released with norepinephrine binds purinergic receptors present in the pineal gland and leads to an enhancement of the production of NAS. After release, ATP and other nucleotides are rapid enzymatic degradation, this degradation is functionally important since ATP metabolites act as ligands in different receivers. Purinergic receptors are classified into two large families: P1 receptors that recognize adenosine and P2 receptors that recognize mainly ATP, ADP and AMP. Several families of enzymes are involved in the hydrolysis of ATP released into the extracellular environment: the E-NTPDase, E-NPP and the ecto-5'-nucleotidase. This study aimed to characterize the gene expression, the cellular distribution and activity of ecto-nucleotidases in the rat pineal gland in order to improve the characterization of the purinergic system in this organ.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-06-17
 
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