• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2014.tde-20022015-140750
Document
Author
Full name
Luana Beatriz Vitoretti
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Lima, Wothan Tavares de (President)
Castelucci, Patricia
Martins, Joilson de Oliveira
Poggetti, Renato Sergio
Takakura, Ana Carolina Thomaz
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de mecanismos reguladores da inflamação pulmonar tardia após isquemia e reperfusão intestinal em ratos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Inflamação pulmonar
Isquemia e reperfusão intestinal
Rato
Sinais de perigo
Sistema imune
Abstract in Portuguese
Citocinas geradas durante a I/R-i promovem lesão pulmonar aguda e podem causar imunossupressão. Investigamos se a inflamação pulmonar após dias de reperfusão intestinal está relacionada com alterações no sistema imune. Ratos machos Wistar foram submetidos a oclusão da artéria mesentérica superior por 45 min e a 2 h, 3, 5 ou 20 dias de reperfusão. Observamos que após 5 dias de reperfusão intestinal enterobactérias estão presentes nos linfonodos mesentéricos e que os neutrófilos circulantes estão mais ativos no combate a patógenos, enquanto leucócitos da cavidade peritoneal não. Notamos aumento de IL-1b, TNF-a, IL-17, IL-4 e diminuição de IL-10 no explante pulmonar e aumento de IL-1b, IFN-g e LDH no soro. Já os níveis de nitritos, corticosterona, HMGB-1, ácido úrico, AMPc e a mecânica respiratória não se alteraram. Os resultados apontam para a I/R-i como promotora de modificação temporais no organismo. Alterações nos mecanismos regulatórios da inflamação e do sistema imune contribuem para a inflamação pulmonar e sistêmica, sem alterar a função mecânica pulmonar
Title in English
Study of regulatory mechanisms of late lung inflammation after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion in rats.
Keywords in English
Dangers signals
Immune system
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion
Lung inflammation
Rat
Abstract in English
Cytokines generated during intestinal I/ R promote acute lung injury and may cause immunosuppression. We investigate if the pulmonary inflammation observed after several days of reperfusion is related to changes in the immune system. Male Wistar rats were subjected to occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min and reperfused for 2 h , 3, 5 or 20 days. We observed that after 5 days of reperfusion enterobacteraceae are present in mesenteric lymph nodes and that circulating neutrophils are more effective against pathogens, whereas leukocytes from the peritoneal cavity are not. We noted increase of IL-1b, TNF-a, IL-17, IL -4 and decrease of IL-10 in lung explant and increase of IL-1b, IFN-g and LDH in serum. Furthermore, the levels of nitrites, corticosterone, HMGB -1, uric acid, cAMP, as well as respiratory function, did not change. Based on the foregoing, we observed that alterations in regulatory mechanisms of inflammation and immune system after contribute to pulmonary and systemic inflammation, but do not alter pulmonary mechanical function.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Release Date
2017-02-19
Publishing Date
2015-02-20
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.