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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2010.tde-11082010-131326
Document
Author
Full name
Fernando Forato Anhê
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Silva, Silvana Auxiliadora Bordin da (President)
Boschero, Antonio Carlos
Caperuto, Luciana Chagas
Title in Portuguese
Regulação do perfil transcricional pelas SMADs 1, 5 e 8 em células b da linhagem INS1E.
Keywords in Portuguese
Diabetes Mellitus
Células cultivadas
Ilhotas de Langerhans
Insulina
Abstract in Portuguese
BMPs ocupam papel central na diferenciação e crescimento celulares. A sinalização intracelular das BMPs depende de substratos conhecidos como BR-SMADs (SMAD1/5/8). Em ilhotas pancreáticas de ratas grávidas, onde ocorre aumento da massa endócrina e da síntese e secreção de insulina, houve aumento da expressão do receptor BMPR1A. Em camundongos knockout para BMPR1A houve diminuição da expressão de genes-chave na exocitose de grânulos de insulina. Tais eventos estão associados à redução da atividade das BR-SMADs. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, em células b INS1E, o perfil de expressão gênica em larga escala após silenciamento das BR-SMADs. As expressões relativas de Munc18a, Munc18b e Snap23 foram reduzidas quando do silenciamento das BR-SMADs (n=3, p<0,05 vs CTL). O silenciamento de SMAD1 (n=3, p<0,05 vs CTL) ou SMAD5 (n=3, p<0,05 vs CTL) acarretaram redução do mRNA de Sintaxina 4. Conclui-se que as BR-SMADs estão envolvidas na regulação da secreção de insulina modulando proteínas envolvidas na fusão de vesículas contendo grânulos de insulina à membrana plasmática de células INS1E.
Title in English
Regulation of the transcriptional profile by SMADs 1, 5 and 8 in INS1E b cells.
Keywords in English
Diabetes Mellitus
Cultered cells
Insulin
Islets of Langerhans
Abstract in English
BMPs play a determinant role in cell differentiation and growth. BMP intracellular signaling involves the substrates know as BR-SMADs (SMAD1/5/8). BMPR1A receptor expression was upregulated in pancreatic islets from pregnant rats, in wich endocrine mass and insulin secretion are increased. Mice with attenuated BMPR1A signaling in b cells showed decreased expression of key genes involved in insulin exocytosis. These events are associated with reduction of BR-SMADs activity. The aim of this work was to perform a screening to evaluate changes in expression profiles after knockdown of BR-SMADs in INS1E b cells. Relative expressions of Munc18a, Munc18b and Snap23 were diminished after knockdown of the BRSMADs (n=3, p<0,05 vs CTL). Only SMAD1 (n=3, p<0,05 vs CTL) and SMAD5 (n=3, p<0,05 vs CTL) silencing caused reduction of sintaxin 4 expression. These data point to the involvement of BR-SMADs in the regulation of insulin secretion by modulating the expression of proteins responsible by fusion of insulin-containing granules to the membrane of INS1E cells.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-09-08
 
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