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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2012.tde-24072012-162754
Document
Author
Full name
Marina Tuppy Cavalleri
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Michelini, Lisete Compagno (President)
Carvalho, Maria Helena Catelli de
Cruz, Josiane de Campos
D'Avila, Kátia de Angelis Lobo
Irigoyen, Maria Claudia Costa
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos do treinamento aeróbio e da remoção dos barorreceptores arteriais sobre a modulação ocitocinérgica do controle cardiovascular em normotensos e hipertensos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Barorreceptor
Desnervação sinoaórtica
Hipotálamo
Neurônios
Sistema cardiovascular
Treinamento físico
Abstract in Portuguese
As projeções OTérgicas do PVN que se projetam para o tronco cerebral são responsáveis por mediar os ajustes da FC e esses efeitos benéficos induzidos pelo TF são abolidos pela desnervação sinoaórtica (DAS). Iremos determinar o efeito do treinamento e da DAS sobre os neurônios OTérgicos do PVN em SHR e WKY. Os ratos foram submetidos DSA ou SHAM e treinados ou mantidos sedentários por três meses. Realizou-se medidas hemodinâmicas basais seguidas de retirada dos cérebros. Nos ratos SHAM o TF determinou um aumento na capacidade física e no ganho do controle reflexo da FC. O TF reduziu a FC de repouso em ambos os grupos, com uma queda na pressão arterial nos SHR. Houve aumento da expressão de mRNA para OT no PVN e na densidade de OT nos neurônios OTérgicos do PVN. A DSA aboliu a expressão do mRNA de OT no PVN e reduziu drasticamente a densidade de OT no PVN de WKY e SHR. A DSA revela o papel fundamental dos barorreceptores em mediar a plasticidade/atividade dos neurônios OTérgicos do PVN como os efeitos benéficos do treinamento sobre o controle cardiovascular.
Title in English
Afferent signaling drives oxytocinergic preautonomic neurons and mediates training-induced plasticity.
Keywords in English
Baroreceptor
Cardiovascular system
Hypothalamus
Neurons
Physical training
Sinoaortic denervation
Abstract in English
The OTergic projections from PVN to the dorsal brainstem mediate training-induced HR adjustments and that beneficial effects of training are blocked by sinoaortic denervation (SAD). We sought now to determine the combined effect of training and SAD on PVN OTergic neurons in SHR and WKY. Rats underwent SAD or SHAM surgery and were trained or kept sedentary for 3 months. After hemodynamic measurements at rest, the brains were removed. In SHAM rats, training improved treadmill performance and increased the gain of baroreflex control of HR. Training reduced resting HR in both groups, with a fall in blood pressure only in SHR rats. These changes were accompanied by marked increases in PVN OT mRNA expression and peptide density in PVN OTergic neurons. SAD abolished PVN OT mRNA expression and markedly reduced PVN OT density in WKY and SHR. Training had no effect on HR, PVN OT mRNA, or OT content following SAD. SAD uncovers the pivotal role of barorreceptor in driving both the plasticity and activity of PVN OTergic neurons and the beneficial effects of training on cardiovascular control.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-08-15
 
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