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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.43.1990.tde-19022014-135834
Document
Author
Full name
Pedro Geraldo Pascutti
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1990
Supervisor
Committee
Ito, Amando Siuiti (President)
Lamy, Maria Teresa Moura
Tabak, Marcel
Title in Portuguese
Radicais livres intrínsecos e foto-induzidos em melano-proteína
Keywords in Portuguese
Biofísica molecular
Biopolímeros
Espectroscopia Molecular
Fotoproteção
Ressonância paramagnética eletrônica
Abstract in Portuguese
Foi realizado um estudo por espectroscopia de ressonancia paramagnetica eletronica de solucoes de complexos formados por melanina sintetica, obtida por auto-oxidacao de l-dopa (dihidroxi-l-fenilalanina), e albumina de soro bovino (bsa). Investigaram-se os efeitos devidos a alteracoes de ph, de concentracao e conformacao da bsa, e presenca de O IND.2, tomando como base as variacoes das formas e intensidades das linhas espectrais dos radicais livres intrinsecos da melanina e dos induzidos por radiacao visivel-uv. Verificou-se uma dependencia da intensidade do sinal com o estado de protonacao do pigmento. Na presenca da albumina a inducao de radicais livres por luz foi maior, o que nao observou-se quando esta foi denaturada. A inducao e decaimento dos radicais fotoinduzidos foi monitorada por espectro de varredura temporal, observando-se uma cinetica que envolveu processos mais lentos com o aumento da concentracao da proteina. A partir de medidas de saturacao progressiva, verificou-se um comportamento de saturacao homogeneo para a melanina pura e nao homogeneo quando bsa e O IND.2 estavam presentes, acompanhados de variacoes nos tempos de relaxacao. Os resultados foram interpretados com base em um modelo que supoe a existencia de processos de transferencia de eletrons da melanina excitada para o O IND.2 e transferencia de carga entre o pigmento e a proteína.
Title in English
Intrinsic and photo-induced free radicals in melano-protein
Keywords in English
Biopolymers
Electron paramagnetic resonance
Molecular biophysics
Molecular spectroscopy
Photoprotection
Abstract in English
Synthetic melanin (obtained by L-DOPA auto-oxidation) and melanin-bovine serum albumin complexes were studied by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR). The melanin intrinsic and Iight-induced free radicals by visible-UV were studied. The dependence of the EPR line shapes on the pH value, albumin conformation and concentration, and O² presence was analyzed. It was found that the EPR signal intensity depended on the pigment protonation state. The light free radical induction in the melanin-albumin solutions was higher than in pure melanin solution. This effect was only observed when the protein was in its natural form. The induction and decay of the light-induced radicals were monitored by time-resolved experiments. A slower kinetic was observed with increasing of the albumin concentration. Progressive saturation measurements showed a homogeneous saturation behavior for pure melanin and inhomogeneous in the protein or O² presence, showing also changes in time relaxations. The results were interpreted assuming the existence of electron transfer processes from excited melanin to O² and charge exchange between the pigment and the protein.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-02-20
 
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