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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.43.2008.tde-02062008-142059
Document
Author
Full name
René Rojas Rocca
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Tatumi, Sonia Hatsue (President)
Blak, Ana Regina
Caldas, Linda Viola Ehlin
Title in Portuguese
Estudo comparativo entre as propriedades dos centros luminescentes e paramagnéticos da antigorita e da lizardita do grupo da SERPENTINA: `Mg IND.3´[Si IND.2´`O IND.5´]`(OH) IND.4´
Keywords in Portuguese
Física do estado sólido
Propriedades dos sólidos
Serpentinas
Abstract in Portuguese
No presente trabalho são estudadas as propriedades físicas luminescentes de cristais de antigorita (monoclinica, Mg3-x[Si2O5](OH)4-2x) e lizardita (triclinica, Mg3[(Si,Fe)2O5](OH)4). O estudo destes foi feito simultaneamente aplicando-se várias técnicas, entre elas: Termoluminescência (TL), Absorção Ótica (AO), Ressonância Paramagnética Eletrônica (RPE), Difração de Raios X (DRX) e Plasma Acoplado Indutivamente (ICP). Utilizando pastilhas e fazendo leitura TL até 350 oC, podemos observar picos reprodutíveis. A antigorita irradiada apresenta picos facilmente diferenciados e com intensidades diferentes, mas a lizardita apresenta picos sobrepostos e com similar intensidade, os picos de ambas as amostras estão em torno de 150, 200 e 300 oC, todos crescendo linearmente até uma dose de 2 kGy, sendo que para doses maiores todos os picos saturam. Foram calculados os parâmetros das armadilhas dos picos de TL e seus respectivos tempos de vida. Todos os picos são ajustados teoricamente com o modelo da cinética de segunda ordem. Na análise de RPE notamos 6 linhas hiperfinas características do Manganês e também as linhas do Ferro. É possível também observar duas linhas de estrutura super hiperfina do Mn2+. Nenhuma das amostras apresenta variação do espectro RPE com a dose de irradiação. Essas impurezas foram detectadas também por ICP. Na análise de AO, a lizardita apresenta bandas numa faixa de 370 a 470 nm que não são observadas na antigorita, provavelmente relacionadas com o Fe3+ e com o Mn2+. No infravermelho foram observadas várias bandas (AO) de combinação Mg-OH. Nenhuma das duas amostras apresenta mudança com a dose de irradiação. Concluímos que os picos TL de 150, 200 e 300 oC das amostras podem ser usadas na dosimetria da radiação ionizante (radiação-Y e partícula-B) para doses médias e altas.
Title in English
Luminescence and paramagnetic centers in antigorite and Lizardite, two menbers of serpentine group: a comparative study
Keywords in English
Serpentines
Solid properties
Solid state physics
Abstract in English
In this work, we are describing crystals luminescent properties of Antigorite (monoclinic, Mg3-x[Si2O5](OH)4-2x) and Lizardite (triclinic, Mg3[(Si,Fe)2O5](OH)4). They were studied simultaneously applying several techniques, like: Thermoluminescence (TL), Optical Absorption (OA), Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR), X-rays diffraction and Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP). Using cold pressed elements and heating the samples to 350 oC for TL measurements, we can observe reproductive peaks. Antigorita show well differentiated peaks and intensities, but Lizardite show overlapped and similar intensity peaks. Peaks of both samples occur around 150, 200, 250, 300 oC, and all them grow linearly up to 2 kGy, saturating for high doses, except 250 oC peak which continue growing with dose until 172 kGy. TL peaks trap parameters and lifetimes were calculated, the curves were fitted using the GCD method with second order kinetic. The EPR spectrum shows 6 hyperfine structure lines, characteristic of Manganese, besides lines due to Iron. It was possible also to observe two super hyperfine Mn2+ lines. The EPR signal does not change with irradiation dose in both crystals. These impurities were also detected in the ICP analysis. The OA spectrum of lizardite show bands from 370 to 470 nm which were not observed in antigorite samples probably related to Fe3+ and Mn2+. In the infrared region several (OA) bands of Mg-OH combination were observed. Again the OA spectrum of these crystals does not change with irradiation dose. We conclude that TL samples peaks around 150, 200, 250, 300 oC can be used for radiation ionizing dosimetry (y-rays and B- particle) for intermediate and high doses.
 
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ReneRojasRocca.pdf (2.57 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2008-06-11
 
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