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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.43.2009.tde-12052009-100334
Document
Author
Full name
Helder Luciani Casa Grande
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Salinas, Silvio Roberto de Azevedo (President)
Costa, Francisco Alexandre da
Marchetti, Domingos Humberto Urbano
Title in Portuguese
Modelos de dímeros em redes planas. Matriz de transferência e soluções por meio da representação de férmions
Keywords in Portuguese
Mecânica estatística
Modelo de dímeros
Mudança de fase
Abstract in Portuguese
Resolvemos o modelo de d´meros em duas redes planas diferentes, a rede 4-8 e a rede hexagonal (favo de mel). Na rede 4-8 ocorre uma transição do tipo Ising (bidimensional); na rede hexagonal há uma transição conhecida como 3/2. Após a definição do modelo mostramos que o cálculo da função de partição pode ser formulado em termos do traço de uma matriz de transferência escrita numa representação de matrizes de Pauli. Usando a transformação de Jordan-Wigner, os operadores de Pauli são transformados em operadores de criação e aniquilação de férmions, e a matriz de transferência pode ser diagonalizada pela redução a um problema de férmions livres. Comparamos as soluções do modelo de dímeros na rede 4-8 e do modelo de Ising bidimensional; em particular, comparamos o comportamento do calor específico e analisamos o espectro da matriz de transferência. Verificamos que as nossas soluções concordam com resultados obtidos pelas técnicas combinatórias. Utilizamos a formulação da matriz de transferência para construir uma versão de tempo contínuo dos modelos de dímeros nas redes quadrada, 4-8 e hexagonal. Ao contrário do modelo de Ising, no caso dos dímeros essa aproximação de tempo contínuo altera a natureza do comportamento crítico.
Title in English
Dimer models on planar lattice. Transfer matrix and soutions by fermion representation
Keywords in English
Dimer models
Phase transition
Statistical mechanics
Abstract in English
We solve the dimer model on two different planar lattices, the 4-8 lattice and the honeycomb lattice. In the dimer model on the 4-8 lattice there is a phase transition of the (two-dimensional) Ising type; on the honeycomb lattice there is a phase transition known as 3/2. After defining the model we show that the calculation of the partition function can be formulated as the trace of a transfer matrix that is written in terms of Pauli matrices. Using the Jordan-Wigner transformation, the Pauli matrices give rise to fermion creation and annihilation operators, and the problem is reduced to the diagonalization of a system of free fermions. We compare the solutions of the dimer model on the 4-8 lattice and of the two-dimensional Ising model; in particular, we compare the behavior of the specific heat and we analyze the spectrum of the transfer matrix. These solutions agree with well-known results from combinatorial techniques. We then use the transfer matrix approach to obtain a continuum time formulation for the dimer models on the square, 4-8 an d honeycomb lattices. In contrast to the Ising case, for the dimer models this approximation changes the nature of critical behavior.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-05-12
 
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