• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.44.1982.tde-07082015-110502
Document
Author
Full name
Everaldo Zeferino Vieira de Mello
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1982
Supervisor
Committee
Ellert, Reinholt (President)
Barbour, Aledir Paganelli
Girardi, Vicente Antonio Vitorio
Ribeiro Filho, Evaristo
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da ocorrência de fluorita, barita e metais basicos da Fazenda Jurema, Barra da Estiva, Bahia
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise petroquímica
Depósitos minerais
Geologia econômica
Abstract in Portuguese
A região mapeada constitui-se quase que exclusivamente de rochas pré-cambrianas complexamente deformadas e que foram submetidas a diferentes graus de metamorfismo, desde a fácies xisto-verde até a granulito. Tais rochas pertencem, na sua maioria, aos Complexos Granulítico, Metamórfico-Migmatítico e Metamórfico que fazem parte do embasamento do Craton do São Francisco. À luz dos dados geocronológicos conclui-se pela contemporaneidade dos dois primeiros complexos, com registros radiométricos do Ciclo Jequié e mais antigos, com retrabalhamneto no Ciclo Transamazônico. O Complexo Metamórfico apresenta traços característicos de "greenstone belt", onde foram individualizados os Grupos "Greenstone" (Unidades A, B e C) e Sedimentar (Unidade D). Valores entre 2.200 e 1.700 m.a., do Transamazônico, são encontrados nos metassedimentos, vulcânicas e rochas graníticas intrusivas. A área ode se efetuou a pesquisa para sulfetos metálicos encontra-se situada geologicamente na Unidade A, mais inferior, do Grupo "Greenstone". Dois tipos de jazimentos minerais foram constatados: o estratiforme e o filoneano. O primeiro é singenético e ocorre em xistos no contato com lente de mármore dolomítico, com arsenopirita, pirita, calcoprita, nessa ordem de cristalização. O segundo tipo consiste de concentrações endógenas epigenéticas formadas pela lixiviação das rochas vulcano-sedimentares por soluções hidrotermais, num processo decorrente de um metamorfismo sin a tarditectônico de fácies xisto-verde. Esses veios preenchem planos de falhas reativas e têm uma paragênese primária constituída de quartzo, fluorita, barita, pirita, esfalerita, calcoprita e galena, nessa ordem de cristalização, e uma secundária formada por gorthita, lepidocrocita, covelita, calcocita, malaquita, azurita, fematinita, cerussita, anglesita e calcita. As pesquisas realizadas revelam o caráter antieconômico desses depósitos. Na região, os únicos veios explorados ) são os de barita, por garimpagem. Através de análise petroquímica, constatou-se que o tipo de depósito sulfetado estratiforme encontra-se intimamente associado a rochas vulcânicas metamorfoseadas que possuiam um caráter predominantemente subalcalino, pertencentes às séries calcoalcalina e toleítica e com predominância das variedades basálticas e andesíticas sobre as dacíticas. Essa atividade vulcânica foi se tornando de máfica para félsica e mais ácida à medida que atingia o topo da sequência.
Title in English
not available
Keywords in English
not available
Abstract in English
The studied region is almost entirely composed of Precambrian rocks that were deformed in a complex manner and submitted to different metamorphic grades, ranging from greenschist to granulite facies.Most rocks are part of the so-called Granulitic, Metamorphic-Migmatitic and Metamorphic Complexes that form the São Francisco Craton Basement .The geochronological data show that the first two complexes are contemporaneous as evidenced by the radiometric records of the Jequié Cycle and Older records; these data also evidence that reworking took place in the transamazonic Cycle.The Metamorphic Complex presents features of a greenstone belt, where the Greenstone(A,B and C Units) and Sedimentary (D Unit) Groups were individualized.Age values between 2,200 and 1,700 m.y., of the Transamazonic Cycle, were found in the metasedimentary, volcanic and intrusive granitic rocks. The areawhere the research was conducted on metallic sulphides is geologically situated in the A Unit, the lowest of the Greenstone Group. Two types of ore body were observed: the stratiform and the veinform types. The former is syngenetic and occurs in schists in the contact with a dolomitic marble lens, with arsenopyrite, pyrite, chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite, following this sequence of crystallization. The second type consists of epigenetic endogenous concentrations formed by the leaching of the volcano-sedimentary rocks through hydrothermal solutions , such process resulting from a syn-to tarditectonic metamorphism of greenschist facies. These veins are filling up fault planes and have a primary paragenesis of quarts, fluorite, barite, pyrite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite and galena, in this sequence of crystallization. A second paragenesis is formed by goethite, lepitdocrocite, covellite, chalcocite, malachite, azurite, famatinite, cerussite, anglesite and calcite. The researches show that these deposits have no economic value. Thoroughout the region, the only mined veins are those of barite, by rudimentary process. Through petrochemical analysis it was found that the type of stratiform sulphide deposit is closely associated with metamorphosed volcanic rocks whitc were previously of subalkaline nature and belonged to calc-alkali and tholeiitic series, with predominance of the basaltic and andesitic vaieties over the dacitic and rhyolitic ones. That volcanic activity changed from mafic to felsic and became more acid from the bottom to the top of the stratigraphic sequence.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Mello_Doutorado.pdf (18.72 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2015-08-10
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.