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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.45.2019.tde-26032019-102837
Document
Author
Full name
Renan Rodrigo Barbosa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Batista, Daniel Macedo (President)
Sampaio, Leobino Nascimento
Ueyama, Jo
Title in Portuguese
Migração de redes tradicionais para SDN
Keywords in Portuguese
Migração de protocolos de rede
OpenFlow
Redes definidas por software
Abstract in Portuguese
Redes Definidas por Software são baseadas em características como separação entre plano de dados e plano de controle, programabilidade e monitoramento dos dispositivos, além de capacidade para teste e experimentação de novos protocolos. Embora boa parte dos conceitos dessas redes tenham sido propostos há mais de vinte e cinco anos, apenas recentemente houve um aumento no interesse pelo tópico. Esse aumento se deve principalmente ao maior poder computacional dos dispositivos e pelo surgimento do protocolo OpenFlow, proposto por um time de pesquisadores de Stanford em 2008 e considerado hoje em dia um padrão para a tecnologia. Embora o tema tenha nascido na academia, a indústria tem abraçado os conceitos e diversos fabricantes têm desenvolvido seus equipamentos com suporte ao OpenFlow. As vantagens trazidas com o OpenFlow como a pa- dronização do protocolo de comunicação entre os planos, capacidade de programação e coleta de métricas e suporte a criação de regras pró-ativas e reativas, por exemplo, fazem com que a migração de uma rede tradicional para esse novo paradigma se torne atraente. Entretanto, tal migração não é trivial. É necessário um planejamento prévio com análise dos riscos e benefícios, precisa haver acompanhamento de cada etapa da execução e validação posterior dos resultados apresentados pela rede migrada. Esta dissertação de mestrado apresenta um estudo sobre migração de tecnologias e protocolos de redes com foco na migração específica de redes tradicionais para SDN, utilizando o OpenFlow como protocolo. É apresentado um mecanismo que é capaz de analisar as configurações dos dispositivos da rede legada e convertê-las para regras de um controlador OpenFlow, possibi- litando a simulação de serviços e funcionalidades e facilitando as primeiras etapas da migração. Experimentos em ambiente de simulação mostram que uma SDN gerenciada pelo controlador confi- gurado com as regras dadas pelo mecanismo tem funcionamento equivalente àquele da rede original, não-SDN, de onde essa configuração foi extraída.
Title in English
Migration of traditional networks to SDN
Keywords in English
Network protocol migration
OpenFlow
Software defined networks
Abstract in English
Software Defined Networks are based in characteristics such as detachment between the network data and control planes, network programmability and monitoring of the devices, as well as the ability to test and experiment new protocols. Although much of the concepts of these networks have been proposed more than twenty-five years ago, only recently has there been an interest increase for the topic. This increase is mainly due to the greater computing power of the devices and the emergence of the OpenFlow protocol, proposed by a team of Stanford researchers in 2008 and considered a standard for technology today. Although the theme was born in academia, the industry has embraced the concepts and several manufacturers have developed their equipment with OpenFlow support. The advantages of OpenFlow, such as the standardization of the communication protocol between planes, the ability to program and collect metrics, and the support for the creation of proactive and reactive rules, for example, mean that migration from a traditional network to new paradigm becomes attractive. However, such migration is not trivial. Prior planning is required with risk and benefit analysis, there must be monitoring of each stage of the execution and subsequent validation of the results presented by the migrated network. This dissertation presents a study on the migration of network technologies and protocols with focus on the specific migration of traditional networks to SDN, using OpenFlow as protocol. A mechanism is presented that is able to analyze the legacy network device settings and convert them to OpenFlow controller rules, enabling the simulation of services and features and facilitating the first steps of the migration. Experiments in the simulation environment show that a controller-managed SDN configured with the rules given by the mechanism has equivalent functionality to that of the original, non-SDN network from which this configuration was extracted from.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-04-08
 
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