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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.1982.tde-02102014-095556
Document
Author
Full name
Claudia Conti Medugno
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1982
Supervisor
Title in Portuguese
Mecanoquímica da celulose: efeito de aditivos na moagem sobre a extensão e a velocidade da hidrólise enzimática
Keywords in Portuguese
Celulose
Enzimas hidrolíticas
Abstract in Portuguese
O processamento de celulose em moinho de bolas de porcelana produz um pó no qual se detecta a presença de radicais livres, por Ressonância Paramagnética Eletrônica. O espectro obtido e complexo e pode ser decomposto em pelo menos dois sinais: uma linha instável, eliminada apôs alguns dias de exposição ao ar, e outra estável, que decai lentamente por aquecimento a 400-500ºC, e desaparece a 900ºC. A moagem simultânea de celulose com amido, acrilamida, azul de dextrana e sacarose produz celulose quimicamente modificada. Por exemplo, no caso da acrilamida, dosagem pelo método kjeldahl revela a presença de ate 0,65% de nitrogênio no material obtido apôs lavagens exaustivas. A celulose moída na presença de vários reagentes foi submetida a ensaios de hidrólise e em alguns casos, mostrou-se significativamente mais suscetível ao ataque enzimático do que a celulose simplesmente moída. Os resultados deste trabalho mostram que a conversão enzimática de celulose em açucares redutores e sensível a uma pequena modificação no pré-tratamento mecanoquímico.
Title in English
Mechano-chemical of cellulose: effect of additives in milling about extension and velocity enzymatic hydrolysis
Keywords in English
Cellulose
Hydrolytic enzymes
Abstract in English
Cellulose processing on porcelain ball mill produce a powder in which one can detect free radicals by means of Electronic Paramagnetic Ressonance. The spectrum attained is complex and it may be decomposed in at least two signals: an unstable line that is eliminated after some days of exposition tc air and another stable line, which slowly decays due to heating at 400-500ºC and disapears at 900ºC. Cellulose simultaneously milled with starch, acrylamide, dextran blue and saccharose produce chemically modified cellulose. For instance, when using acrylamide one can detect, by means of the Kjeldhal method, the existence of nitrogen up to 0.65% in the material obtained after exhaustive washings. In some cases cellulose milled with several reactants seemed to be significantly more susceptible to the enzymatic attack during hydrolysis than cellulose milled without any reactant. The results of this work show that the enzymatic conversion of cellulose into reducible sugars is sensible to a little change in the mechano-chemical pre-treatment.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-10-02
 
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