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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.1999.tde-02102014-124552
Document
Author
Full name
Cleonice da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1999
Supervisor
Committee
De Araujo, Pedro Soares (President)
Da Silva, Aline Maria
Jorge, João Atílio
Title in Portuguese
Isolamento do transportador de trealose de Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Keywords in Portuguese
Biologia molecular
Proteina de membrana
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Trealose
Abstract in Portuguese
O gene AGT1 do locus mal1g, do sistema de transporte de maltose de S. cerevisiae, codifica uma proteína de 67 kDa, que tem 75% de similaridade e 58% de identidade com o transportador de maltose do locus MAL1. Sua expressão é ativada por genes reguladores constitutivos do sistema MAL, e é reprimida pela glicose. A cepa AP68-7A carrega o gene AGT1, e possivelmente o gene transportador MAL31, e transporta trealose ao final da primeira fase de crescimento anaeróbico. SDS-PAGE comparando proteínas de membranas de células reprimidas pela glicose (taxa de transporte <0,5 U/mg), com aquelas de células induzidas por α-metilglicosídeo (taxa de transporte de ~35 U/mg), verificou-se 2 bandas (PMs 57 e 66 kDa) exclusivas em membranas de células induzidas. As 2 bandas foram isoladas por três métodos diferentes (cromatografia de troca iônica, lavagens da membrana com tampão de alta força iônica e cromatografia de afinidade) e testadas para ligação de 14C-trealose. A ligação foi enriquecida ~3 X após a cromatografia de troca iônica. O transporte de trealose na cepa AP77-4C (que não tem nenhum dos genes transportadores dos loci MAL) foi recuperado após sua transformação com plasmídeo YEp366-AGT1. De membranas plasmáticas destas células (transporte de trealose ~25 U/mg) foram isoladas por cromatografia de afinidade, 2 bandas cujos PMs em SDS-PAGE são idênticos aos das proteínas isoladas das membranas da cepa AP68-7A. Estes resultados permitem concluir que o transportador de trealose de leveduras é codificado pelo gene AGT1.
Title in English
Isolation the trehalose transporter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Keywords in English
Membrane protein
Molecular biology
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Trehalose
Abstract in English
The AGT1 gene presente in the mal1g locus from S. cerevisiae maltose transport system encodes a 67 kDa protein which shares 75% similarity and 58% identity with the maltose transporter protein encoded in MAL6 locus. The expression of this gene is regulatory genes from MAL system and is repressed by glucose. The strain AP68-7A which harbors the AGT1 gene and probably the MAL31 transporter gene, expresses trehalose transport activity at the end of first anaerobic growth. The comparison from the SDS-PAGE of membrane proteins from glucose repressed cells (trehalose transport activity of <0.5 U/mg), and α-methylglucoside induced cells (trehalose transport activity of ~35 U/mg), revealed 2 bands (Mr 57 and 66 kDa) present only in the induced cells membranes. Those bands were isolated by 3 different methods (ionic exchange chromatography, high strength ionic washes and affinity chromatography, and tested for 14C-trehalose binding. Both bands bind trehalose and this activity was enriched about 3 times after the ionic exchange chromatography. The trehalose transport activity was recovered by strain AP77-4C, (which does not harbor any MAL transporter gene) after its transformation with a plasmid containing the AGT1 gene. From the membranes of these cells (trehalose transport activity of ~25 U/mg) 2 bands were isolated by affinity chromatography with similar Mrs to those isolated from AP68-7A strain. The results permit to conclude that the AGT1 gene encodes the yeast trehalose transporter.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-10-02
 
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