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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2016.tde-15092016-090036
Document
Author
Full name
Renan Crocci de Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Forti, Fábio Luís (President)
Pereira, André Zelanis Palitot
Ronsein, Graziella Eliza
Title in Portuguese
Investigação de parceiros moleculares de Cdc42 em linhagens de células humanas submetidas a estresse genotóxico
Keywords in Portuguese
Cdc42
DNA
Interação proteína-proteína
Proteômica
Radiação ultravioleta tipo C
Resposta ao dano no DNA (DDR)
Abstract in Portuguese
A proteína Cdc42 (Cell Division Cycle 42) é um membro da família das Rho GTPases, sinalizadores intracelulares conhecidos pelo seu papel na regulação do citoesqueleto. Essa proteína e capaz de ciclar entre um estado ativo (ligado à GTP) e um estado inativo (ligado à GDP) e essa ativação é modulada por diversas proteínas, conhecidas como GEFs (guanine nucleotide-exchange factors), GAPs (GTPase-activating proteins) e GDIs (guanine nucleotide-dissociation inhibitors). Trabalhos recentes têm demonstrado um papel de Cdc42 na apoptose e na senescência, respostas relacionadas e comumente desencadeadas por estresse genotóxico. Neste contexto este trabalho procurou identificar interações de Cdc42 com outras proteínas, que podem ou não estar envolvidas nos mecanismos de resposta ao dano do DNA. Para isso foram utilizadas as linhagens celulares HeLa e MRC-5 submetidas a tratamento com radiação ultravioleta tipo C, a fim de provocar danos no DNA. Foram realizados dois diferentes tratamentos em cada uma das linhagens com diferentes tempos de incubação pós radiação UV, visando a busca de proteínas envolvidas em uma resposta rápida ou tardia ao dano causado. Os lisados celulares desses tratamentos foram submetidos ao pull-down com proteínas recombinantes GST, GST-Cdc42WT (Selvagem) e GST-Cdc42V12 (Mutação constitutivamente ativa). As proteínas purificadas foram digeridas e submetidas à análise por espectrometria de massa e os dados obtidos foram utilizados para a construção de redes de interação proteica. Dentre as proteínas identificadas as que despertaram maior atenção foram: Proibitina-2 (PHB2) encontrada nas amostras incubadas por 48 horas pós irradiação e Cullina-4A (CUL4A) e P53, encontradas em amostra incubada por 5 minutos pós radiação. Essas proteínas possuem papéis em apoptose e reparo de DNA e foram observadas em posições muito próximas de Cdc42 nas redes de interação, fazendo delas interessantes alvos para futuras validações de interação proteica por análises experimentais distintas
Title in English
Investigation of Cdc42 molecular partners in human cell lines subjected to genotoxic stress
Keywords in English
Cdc42
DNA
DNA damage response
Protein-protein interactions
Proteomics
Ultravioleta C radiation
Abstract in English
The Cdc42 protein (Cell Division Cycle 42) is a member of the Rho family of GTPases, intracellular signalling molecules well known for their role in the cytoskeleton regulation. This protein cycles between an active state (GTP-bound) and an inactive state (GDP-bound) and this regulation is modulated by proteins known as GEFs, GAPs and GDIs. Recent studies demonstrated roles for Cdc42 in apoptosis and senescence, cellular responses commonly triggered by genotoxic stress. This work sought to identify Cdc42 interactions with other proteins that possibly involved in response to DNA damage mechanisms. To reach this aims we used HeLa and MRC-5 cell lines submitted to treatments with ultraviolet C radiation to induce DNA damage. Two experimental conditions were used in each cell line with different times and doses post UV irradiation in order to search for proteins involved in either rapid or delayed response to the installed DNA damage. Cell lysates obtained from these treatments were subjected to pull-down experiments using recombinant proteins GST, GST-Cdc42-WT (Wild type) and GST-Cdc42-V12 (constitutively active mutant). Purified proteins were digested by trypsin, analyzed by mass spectrometry and th obtained data were used for the construction of protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks. Among the identified proteins those that seem more relevant to the aims of this project were: Prohibitin-2 (PHB2), found in samples incubated 48 hours post irradiation; Cullin-4A (CUL4A) and P53, found in samples incubated 5 minutes after radiation. These proteins have roles in apoptosis and DNA repair and were observed in close proximity to Cdc42 in PPI networks, making them interesting targets for future validation by different experimental approaches
 
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Publishing Date
2016-10-31
 
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