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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2006.tde-20102006-102224
Document
Author
Full name
Maxuel de Oliveira Andrade
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Farah, Shaker Chuck (President)
Baldini, Regina Lúcia
Machado, Marcos Antonio
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização bioquímica de interações proteína-proteína relacionadas com o mecanismo de quorum-sensing do Xanthomonas axonopodis pv citri
Keywords in Portuguese
c-diGMP
GGDEF
Quorum-sensing
Xanthomonas
Abstract in Portuguese
Parte da produção de fatores de virulência em bactérias do gênero Xanthomonas esta sob controle de um grupo de genes localizados no locus rpf (regulation of pathogenicity factors), que respondem ao aumento da densidade celular num processo chamado quorum sensing. Os genes que codificam as proteínas do sistema Rpf de Xanthomonas axonopodis pv citri (Xac) foram clonados no vetor pOBD por Alegria (2004), e usados como iscas em ensaios de dois híbridos, contra uma biblioteca de Xac clonada no vetor pOAD. Neste ensaio, foram observadas interações entre RpfC-RpfG, RpfC-RpfF, RpfF-RpfF e RpfC-CMF. O gene cmf tem um ortólogo, cuja função esta relacionada com o processo de quorum sensing em Dictyostelium. Para confirmar essas interações, RpfC e seus domínios, RpfG, RpfF e CMF foram expressas e purificadas, produzidos anticorpos, e foram efetuados ensaios de ligação in vitro. Em adição, o domínio HD-GYP de RpfG, que apresenta atividade de fosfodiesterase, também foi usado como isca no ensaio de dois híbridos. Interessantemente, a maioria de suas presas foi derivada de domínios GGDEF (diguanilato ciclase) de um grupo de proteínas de Xac. Em bactérias, muitos fenótipos, como a ativação da virulência, a formação de biofilme e a mobilidade, são controlados pelo processo de quorum sensing e por diGMP cíclico. Neste trabalho demonstramos uma ligação direta entre quorum sensing e diGMP cíclico, representada pela interação entre HD-GYP/GGDEF. Finalmente, estudos com um mutante para o gene cmf interrompido, envolvendo formação de biofilme, produção de goma xantana e patogenicidade, evidenciam que CMF tem uma função relevante no processo de quorum sensing em Xanthomonas.
Title in English
Characterization of protein-protein interactions important for the regulation of the quorum-sensing process in Xanthomonas axonopodis pv citri.
Keywords in English
c-diGMP
GGDEF
Quorum-sensing
Xanthomonas
Abstract in English
In Xanthomonas a group of genes named regulators of the pathogenicity factors (rpf) control the synthesis of virulence factors as a function of cellular density in a process termed quorum sensing. Alegria (2002) cloned the rpf genes from Xanthomonas axonopodis pv citri (Xac) in the pOBD vector and used them as baits in two hybrid assays against a Xac prey library cloned in the pOAD vector and showed that RpfC interacts with RpfG, RpfF and CMF. Homologous of the cmf gene are found only in amoebas such as Dictyostelium, where plays a central function in the quorum sensing process. In this work, we expressed and purified RpfC and its domains, RpfG, RpfF and CMF and raised antibodies against these polypeptides. In vitro assays demonstrated the following interactions: RpfC-RpfF, RpfC-RpfG and RpfC-CMF. We show that RpfG and CMF interact with the response regulator domain of RpfC, and interactions RpfG and CMF also interact with the histidine phosphotransfer domain of RpfC. In addition, the recently characterized HD-GYP phosphodiesterase domain of RpfG was used as bait in the two hybrid assays. Interestingly, the majority of its preys were derived from a set of Xac proteins that possess GGDEF domains (diguanilate cyclase). In bacteria, many complex processes such virulence, motility and biofilm production are controlled by quorum sensing process and by levels of the second messenger cyclic diGMP. Our results demonstrate a direct link between quorum sensing and diGMP cyclic signaling pathways in the form of a direct physical interaction between the RpfG HD-GYP domain and GGDEF domains. Finally, studies with a Xac cmf-mutant show that CMF plays an important role in the quorum sensing process in Xanthomonas, including biofilm production, synthesis of xanthan gum and pathogenicity.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-01-04
 
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