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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2005.tde-29122006-171314
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre de Andrade
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Santelli, Glaucia Maria Machado (President)
Gomes, Suely Lopes
Gorab, Eduardo
Larson, Maria Luiza Paço
Terra, Clélia Ferreira
Title in Portuguese
Identificação, caracterização e estudo da expressão dos genes hsc70 e hsp83 em Rhynchosciara americana
Keywords in Portuguese
Cromossomos politênicos
Hsc70
Hsp83
Puffs de DNA
Rhynchosciara americana
Abstract in Portuguese
Com a idéia de identificar proteínas envolvidas no processo de enovelamento das proteínas sintetizadas na glândula salivar de Rhynchosciara americana, no início deste projeto adotou-se como estratégia o seqüenciamento de uma biblioteca de cDNA. Esta biblioteca foi construída utilizando-se glândulas salivares de Rhynchosciara americana do período de seu desenvolvimento onde tem início a síntese de seu casulo. Mensagens de proteínas envolvidas no processo de enovelamento, transporte e proteólise foram isoladas, alguns exemplos são hsc70, hsp83, hip, hop, dnaJ, trap1 e prolil isomerase, sec61α/β, sec23, peptidase de sinal, rab7, partícula reconhecedora de sinal (srp), enzima conjugadora de ubiquitina e complexo regulatório proteassomo 26, cop 1 e ubiquitina ligase. A identificação destes genes permitiu o isolamento de clones genômicos através de triagem em banco de fagos e caracterização dos genes hsc70 e hsp83 para verificação de sua organização em Rhynchosciara americana. A expressão dos seus respectivos mRNAs foi avaliada em vários períodos do último estágio larval. A localização por hibridização in situ mostrou que estes genes estão localizados em regiões dos cromossomos politênicos próximas a dois pufes de DNA, C3 e C8. O estudo dos níveis de expressão das proteínas codificadas pelos genes hsc70 e hsp83 mostrou a diferença de comportamento destes genes sob condições de estresse térmico e que a expressão destas proteínas deve ser regulada pelo período de desenvolvimento das larvas de Rhynchosciara americana. Quando evidenciada por imunofluorescência a proteína Hsc70 mostra localização predominantemente no citoplasma.
Title in English
Identification, characterization and study of expression of the genes hsc70 and hsp83 in Rhynchosciara americana
Keywords in English
DNA puffs
Hsc70
Hsp83
Polytene chromosomes
Rhynchosciara americana
Abstract in English
With the idea of identify some of these proteins involved in the folding process of the proteins synthesized on the Rhynchosciara salivary gland, this project started adopting the shotgun cDNA sequencing strategy. This cDNA library was constructed utilizing salivary glands of Rhynchosciara americana at a developmental period where the cocoon construction begins. Messengers of important proteins involved in the folding, transport and proteolysis process were isolated, some examples are hsc70, hsp83, hip, hop, sec61 α/β, sec23, signal peptidase, rab7, signal recognition particle (srp), ubiquitin conjugating enzyme e 26 proteasome regulatory complex, cop 1 and ubiquitin ligase. Identification of these genes allowed the screening of genomic clones from a phage library; hsc70 and hsp83 characterization was carried out to verify the arrangement of these genes on genome of Rhynchosciara americana. The study of these genes will contribute with phylogenetic information about the specie. The mRNA expression of these genes was analyzed during several periods of the last larval developmental stage. In situ localization showed that these genes are located in polytene chromosomes regions near two DNAs puffs, C3 and C8. The expression levels of the proteins codified by genes hsc70 and hsp83 showed different behaviors of these genes under heat stress conditions and mainly, that the regulation of the proteins Hsc70 and Hsp83 can be related to the period of development of the larvae of Rhynchosciara americana. When revealed by immunofluorescence, Hsc70 protein shows localization predominantly on the cytoplasm.
 
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tese.pdf (3.07 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-07-12
 
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