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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.1985.tde-07112014-141901
Document
Author
Full name
Dalva Lucia Araujo de Faria
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1985
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Paulo Sergio (President)
Alves, Oswaldo Luiz
Chagas, Aecio Pereira
Title in Portuguese
Estudo espectroscópico de complexos moleculares formados entre algumas aminas aromáticas e dióxido de enxofre
Keywords in Portuguese
Complexos moleculares
Dióxido de enxofre
Espectroscopia vibracional
Raman ressonante
Transferência de carga
Abstract in Portuguese
Devido à escassez de dados espectroscópicos sobre as interações de aminas aromáticas com SO2 e devido também à importância que complexos de transferência de carga assumem numa série de processos, inclusive biológicos, realizou-se um estudo objetivando a caracterização dessa interação através de várias técnicas espectroscópicas, como a espectroscopia Raman, no Infravermelho, no visível-ultravioleta e de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear. A partir dos dados obtidos nesses estudos concluímos que ocorre transferência de carga da amina para o SO2 ; essa transferência ocorre a partir do orbital ocupado de maior energia da amina , localizado principalmente no átomo de nitrogênio, para o orbital vago de mais baixa -energia do SO2* ) localizado no a-tomo de enxofre. Os espectros vibracionais mostram que não é possível correlacionar as frequências de estiramento do SO2 complexado com o pKb (ou potencial de ionização) da base e sugerem que fatores estéricos podem ser importantes, influenciando o recobrimento dos orbitais do doador e do aceptor. No caso particular da ANI.SO2 , alterações na região de estiramento N-H do espectro no infravermelho , indicam que muito provavelmente ocorre a formação de ligações de hidrogênio entre a amina e o SO2 além da interação através do átomo de nitrogênio. ° comportamento termocrômico dos complexos foi investigado através de espectroscopia Raman à baixa temperatura. As informações preliminares obtidas sugerem que o desaparecimento da côr é devido a uma depopulação dos estados vibracionais excitados, a partir dos quais se efetuam as transições eletrônicas com fatores de Franck-Condon muito favoráveis
Title in English
Spectroscopic study of molecular complexes formed between some aromatic amines and sulfur dioxide
Keywords in English
Charge transfer
Molecular complexes
Resonant raman
Sulfur dioxide
Vibrational spectroscopy
Abstract in English
The shortage of spectroscopic data on the interactions between amines and SO2, together with the relevance that molecular complexes have in several process, including biological ones, stimulated us to study these systems by Raman, Infrared, Visible-Ultra violet and NMR spectroscopic techniques. From the data obtained, it's possible to conclude that there is charge transfer from the HOMO of the amines, which is localized mainly at the nitrogen atom, to the LUMO of SO2, localized at the sulfur atom. The vibrational spectra show that it is impossible to correlate any of the SO2 vibrational bands to the pKb of the donor and suggest that steric hindrance may play an important role in such interations, affecting the overlap of donor and aceptor orbitals; in the case of ANI.SO2 , the band shape in the N-H stretching region led us to conclude that hidrogen bonding between the amine and SO2 occurs, together with the specific interation through the nitrogen atom. The complexes show Pré-Resonance Raman Effect and from its study one concludes that SO2 belongs to the chromophoric group. The thermochromism that the complexes present was investigated by Raman Spectroscopy at low temperature. The informations obtained strongly suggest that the vanishing of its colour may be atributed to a depopulation of an vibrational excited state from which the charge transfer eletronic transition can occur with apreciable Franck-Condon factors.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-11-07
 
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