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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2005.tde-04062007-032229
Document
Author
Full name
Ruben Gregorio Moreno Moreno
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Coichev, Nina (President)
Espósito, Breno Pannia
Lima, Antonio William Oliveira
Miranda, Maria Terêsa Machini de
Yamanaka, Hideko
Title in Portuguese
Estudos de lesão ao DNA promovida pela autoxidação de S(IV) na presença de complexos de Cu(III)/tetraglicina. Efeito sinérgico de Ni(II), Co(II) e Mn(II)
Keywords in Portuguese
Cobre
Complexos metálicos
DNA
Lesão em biomoléculas
Óxidos de enxofre
Radicais livre
Sulfito
Tetraglicina
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho apresenta estudos de lesão em biomoléculas (DNA e 2'-deoxiguanosina) induzida por Cu(III)/tetraglicina (Cu(III)/G4), radicais de óxidos de enxofre (SO3·-, SO4·-, SO5·-), HO· e HSO5-, espécies estas geradas durante a autoxidação de S(IV) na presença de Cu(II)/G4 ou Cu(II) (ausência de tetraglicina) e traços de um segundo íon metálico (Ni(II), Co(II) ou Mn(II)). A formação dos radicais SO3·- e HO· foi detectada pela técnica de ressonância paramagnética eletrônica (EPR). As técnicas de espectrofotometria e dicroísmo circular foram empregadas para avaliar a formação de Cu(III)/G4 em diferentes condições experimentais, na presença e ausência de S(IV), e a interação entre os complexos de cobre (II)/(III) e a molécula de DNA. A eficiência da formação de Cu(III) depende da acidez, concentração de S(IV) e dos tampões utilizados. A lesão no DNA plasmidial pUC19 foi verificada empregando-se a técnica de eletroforese em gel de agarose. A extensão da lesão no DNA depende da acidez, concentração de S(IV), tempo de incubação e da presença de um segundo íon metálico. Usando a técnica de cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC) foi possível estudar a oxidação de 2'-deoxiguanosina a 8-oxo-7,8-dihidro-2'-deoxiguanosina na presença dos oxidantes fortes gerados durante a autoxidação de S(IV) catalisada por Cu(II)/G4. Um estudo comparativo do efeito de vários íons metálicos evidenciou o sinergismo de Cu(II) e traços de um segundo íon metálico (Ni(II), Co(II) ou Mn(II), complexados ou não com tetraglicina).
Title in English
Studies of DNA damage induced by sulfite autoxidation in the presence of Cu(II)/tetraglycine complexes. Effect synergistic of Ni(II), Co(II) and Mn(II).
Keywords in English
Biomolecules damage
Copper
DNA
Free radicals
Metals complexes
Oxy sulfur radicals
Sulfite
Tetraglycine
Abstract in English
The present work presents studies related to biomolecules damage (DNA and 2'-deoxyguanosine) induced by Cu(III)/tetraglycine (Cu(III)/G4), oxysulfur radicals (SO3·-, SO4·-, SO5·-) and HSO5-, species generated during S(IV) autoxidation in the presence of Cu(II)/G4 or Cu(II) (absence of tetraglycine) and trace level of a second metal ion (Ni(II), Co(II) or Mn(II)). The formation of SO3·- and HO· radicals was detected by electronic paramagnetic resonance technique (EPR). Spectrophotometric and circular dichroism techniques were used to evaluate the Cu(III)/G4 formation in different experimental conditions, in the presence and the absence of S(IV), and the interaction of copper (II)/(III) complexes and DNA molecule. The effectiveness of Cu(III) formation depends on the acidity, S(IV) concentration, and buffers used. The damage on pUC 19 plasmid DNA was verified by agarose gel electrophoresis. The extent on the DNA damage was related to acidity, S(IV) concentration, incubation time and to the presence of a second metal ion. Using the high performance liquid chromatography technique (HPLC) it was possible to study the oxidation of 2'-deoxyguanosine to 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine in the presence of strong oxidants generated during the S(IV) autoxidation catalyzed by Cu(II)/G4. A comparative study of the effect of several metal ions showed the synergism of Cu(II) and traces of a second metal ion (Ni(II), Co(II) or Mn(II), as tetraglycine complexes or not).
 
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Publishing Date
2007-07-06
 
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