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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.1997.tde-10102014-122847
Document
Author
Full name
Cláudia Barbosa Brochini
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1997
Supervisor
Committee
Roque, Nidia Franca (President)
Bolzani, Vanderlan da Silva
Campos, Ivan Persio de Arruda
Ferraz, Helena Maria Carvalho
Silva, Maria Fatima das G Fernandes da
Title in Portuguese
Terpenos de Guarea guidonia (Meliaceae) e fracionamento de extratos vegetais biomonitorado por linhagens mutantes de Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Keywords in Portuguese
Folhas
Fracionamento cromatográfico biomonitorado
Guarea guidonia
Meliaceae
Química orgânica
Saccharomyces cereviseae
Terpenos
Abstract in Portuguese
Da fração hexânica do extrato metanólico das folhas de Guarea guidonia (Meliaceae), foram isolados os diterpenos: [11S-(1α,2E,6E,10α)]-3,7,11-trimetil-11-(4-metil-pent-3-en-1-i1)biciclo[8.1.0]undeca-2,6-dieno e [1S(1aβ,4aα,7aβ,7bβ)]-decaidro-1,7-dimetil-1-(4-metil-pent-3-en-1-il)-4-metilen-1H-cicloprop[e]azulen-7-ol, já descritos na literatura, além de dois novos isômeros de [1S-(1aβ,4aα,7aβ, 7aβ)]-decaidro-1,7-dimetil-1-(2-hidroxi-4-metil-pent-3-en-1-il)-4metilen-1H-cicloprop[e]azulen-7-ol. No óleo essencial obtido das folhas do mesmo espécimen foram identificados, através da análise dos dados espectroscópicos (RMN 13C, RMN 1H e EM), os sesquiterpenos: eudesma-5,7-dieno, 5α,6α-epoxi-eudesm-7-eno, eudesma-5,7-dien-2α-ol, 5α,6α-epoxi-eudesm-7-en-9-ol e guaia-6-en-10-ol, ainda não descritos na literatura, além de eudesma-4(15), 11(13)-dieno, eudesm-6-em-4α-ol, eudesma-4,11-dieno e 5α,6α,7α,8α-diepoxieudesmano. Diversos extratos vegetais assim como substâncias puras e misturas de composições conhecidas foram testadas com a finalidade de se detectarem substâncias com atividade anticancerígena. Para tal, empregou-se o bioensaio com linhagens mutantes do fungo Saccharomyces cerevisiae, utilizados pelo grupo do Prof. Dr. David Kingston, do Virgínia Tech Institute. Também foi realizado um estudo químico biomonitorado por aquele bioensaio.
Title in English
Terpenes of Guarea guidonia (Meliaceae) and bioassay-guided fractionation of plant extracts by mutant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Keywords in English
Bioassay-guided fractionation
Guarea guidonia
Leaves
Meliaceae
Organic chemistry
Saccharomyces cereviseae
Terpenes
Abstract in English
From the hexanic extract of the dry leaves of Guarea guidonia (Meliaceae) two new isomers of decahydro-1,7-dimethyl-1-(2-hydroxy-4-methyl-pent-3-en-1-yl)4- methylen-1H-cycloprop[e]azulen-7-ol were isolated together with the known diterpenes [11S-(1α,2E,6E,10α)]-3,7,11-trimethyl-11-(4-methyl-pent-3-en-1yl) bicyclo[8.1.0]undeca-2,6-dien and [1S-(1aβ,4aα,7aβ,7bJ3)]-decahydro-1,7dimethyl- 1-(4-methyl-pent-3-en-1-yl)-4-methylen-1H-cycloprop[e]azulen-7-ol. The essential oil from the leaves of the same plant afforded the sesquiterpenes eudesma-5,7-diene, 5α,6α-epoxy-eudesm-7-ene, eudesma-5,7-dien-2α-ol, 5α,6α-epoxy-eudesm-7-en-9-ol and guaia-6-en-10-ol not previouly described, besides eudesma-4(15),11 (13)-diene, eudesm-6-en-4α-ol, eudesma-4,11-diene and 5α,6α,7α,8α-bisiepoxy-eudesmane. All of these compounds were identified through 13C and 1H NMR spectroscopy as well as MS. Several plant extracts and pure compounds were tested in the search for potential anticancer agents, through the mechanism-based yeast bioassay, utilizing mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The screening of those plant materials and a bioassay-guided fractionation of an active extract were both carryed out in the laboratories of Professor David G.I. Kingston at Virginia Tech Institute.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-10-10
 
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