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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2012.tde-02052013-090958
Document
Author
Full name
Jean Claudio Santos Costa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Corio, Paola (President)
Araki, Koiti
Izumi, Celly Mieko Shinohara
Oliveira, Luiz Fernando Cappa de
Petri, Denise Freitas Siqueira
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento de sensores nanoestruturados para análises químicas por meio de técnicas espectroscópicas
Keywords in Portuguese
Espectroscopia
Nanopartículas
Química ambiental
Raman
SERS
Abstract in Portuguese
O uso de técnicas espectroscópicas para o estudo de questões ambientais é uma área de pesquisa que vem experimentando importante desenvolvimento em tempos recentes, e muitas linhas de investigação vêm sendo abertas. As características de sensibilidade e seletividade da técnica Raman intensificada pela superfície (SERS - Surface-enhanced Raman scattering) sugerem que ela pode ser muito útil para o estudo de amostras complexas, como as relacionadas à investigação de poluentes no ambiente. O enfoque dessa tese está voltado para o desenvolvimento de metodologias para a utilização do efeito SERS no estudo espectroscópico de diferentes classes de espécies químicas de interesse ambiental. É proposta a construção de substratos SERS de alto desempenho para uso como sensores analíticos na identificação, quantificação e estudo de aspectos relacionados à reatividade de hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (HPA), compostos organofosforados, compostos triazínicos e compostos organoclorados. Dentre os substratos investigados, podemos mencionar nanopartículas de ouro e prata (nanobastões, nanocubos, nanofios e partículas bimetálicas) e nanopartículas de ouro e prata imobilizadas em filmes poliméricos. Buscamos estabelecer correlações entre morfologia e composição química das nanoestruturas e os mecanismos de adsorção das moléculas investigadas sobre os substratos metálicos. Utilizamos cálculos DFT (Density Functional Theory) para simular as interações adsorbato-nanopartícula possíveis, buscando o melhor entendimento dos processos de interação química entre as nanoestruturas metálicas e as substâncias de interesse.
Title in English
Development of nanostructured sensors for chemical analysis by means of spectroscopic techniques
Keywords in English
Environmental chemistry
Nanoparticles
Raman
SERS
Spectroscopy
Abstract in English
The use of spectroscopic techniques to the study of environmental issues is an area of research that has been experiencing major development in recent times. The sensitivity and selectivity characteristics of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) suggest that this technique can be very useful for the study of complex samples, such as those related to the investigation of pollutants in the environment. The focus of this thesis is dedicated to the development of methodologies for the use of the SERS effect to the spectroscopic study of different classes of chemical species of environmental interest. The construction of high-performance substrates for SERS is investigated aiming for their use as analytical sensors, identification, quantification and study of aspects related to the reactivity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), organophosphorus compounds, organochlorine compounds and triazinic compounds. Among the investigated substrates, we mention colloidal gold and silver nanoparticles of different shapes (nanorods, nanocubes, nanowires and bimetallic particles) and gold and silver nanoparticles immobilized on polymeric films. We seek to establish correlations between morphology and chemical composition of nanostructures and adsorption mechanisms of the investigated molecules on the metal substrates. We use DFT calculations (Density Functional Theory) to simulate possible adsorbate-nanoparticle interactions, allowing a better understanding of the processes of chemical interaction between the metal nanostructures and the substances of interest.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-06-18
 
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