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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2015.tde-18092015-110004
Document
Author
Full name
Jennifer Dayana Rozendo de Lima
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Ando, Rômulo Augusto (President)
Gonçalves, Norberto Sanches
Tiedemann, Peter Wilhelm
Title in Portuguese
Interações do CS2 com solventes moleculares
Keywords in Portuguese
Dissulfeto de carbono
Espectroscopia infravermelha
Espectroscopia Raman
Interações intermoleculares
Ressonância de Fermi
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho realizou-se um estudo espectroscópico vibracional do dissulfeto de carbono, CS2, puro e em misturas binárias com diferentes solventes moleculares, a fim de investigar as interações soluto/soluto e soluto/solvente. Os solventes utilizados para esse estudo foram diclorometano (CH2Cl2), clorofórmio (CHCl3), clorofórmio deuterado (CDCl3), benzeno (C6H6) e tetracloreto de carbono (CCl4); e as técnicas utilizadas foram as espectroscopias Raman e infravermelho (IV). A análise das bandas Raman do CS2 que formam o dubleto de Fermi (v1-2v2) permite determinar uma série de valores empíricos, chamados de parâmetros de ressonância de Fermi, dentre os quais, o coeficiente de acoplamento de Fermi (W) foi o mais utilizado neste trabalho. Os diferentes valores de W nos diferentes meios são consequência das forças das interações intermoleculares existentes entre CS2/CS2 e CS2/solvente. Os experimentos demonstraram que os valores de W em todas as misturas binárias investigadas aumentam à medida que a fração molar de CS2 diminui. Isto sugere que quando o CS2 é solvatado por diferentes moléculas, há um aumento da anarmonicidade, dependendo do tipo de interação. A análise da banda atribuída ao modo de deformação angular do CS2, v2, realizada a partir dos espectros no infravermelho sugere que em misturas binárias existem dois regimes de solvatação na solução, uma referente às interações CS2/ CS2, onde as moléculas de CS2 estão preferencialmente solvatadas por moléculas de CS2 e outro regime de solvatação referente às interações CS2/solvente, onde CS2 está solvatado por moléculas do solvente em questão.
Title in English
Interactions of CS2 with molecular solvents
Keywords in English
Carbon disulphide
Fermi resonance
Infrared spectroscopies
Intermolecular interactions
Raman spectroscopies
Abstract in English
In this work has performed a vibrational spectroscopic investigation of carbon disulphide, CS2, neat and in binary mixtures with different molecular solvents, aiming at understanding the solute/solute and solute/solvent interactions. The solvents considered for this study were dichloromethane (CH2Cl2), chloroform (CHCl3), deuterated chloroform (CDCl3), benzene (C6H6) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4); and the techniques used were Raman and infrared (IR) spectroscopies. The analysis of the Raman bands that compose the Fermi doublet (v1-2v2) allows the determination of a series of empirical values, including the coefficient of Fermi coupling (W), used along this work. The different values of W within the different solvents are consequence of the intermolecular forces between CS2/CS2 and CS2/solvent. The experimental data showed that the W values in all investigated binary mixtures increase as the CS2 molar fraction decreases. It suggests that when CS2 is solvated by different molecules, there is an increase of the anarmonicity, depending on the type of the interaction. The analysis of the band assigned to the CS2 bending mode, v2, performed from infrared spectra, suggests that in the binary mixtures there are two solvation regimes in solution, one related to the CS2/CS2 interactions, where the CS2 molecule is preferentially solvated by CS2 molecules, and one where the CS2 is solvated by the respective solvent molecules.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-11-05
 
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