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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.47.2008.tde-03062008-165136
Document
Author
Full name
Roberto Romeiro Hryniewicz
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Crochik, Jose Leon (President)
Albertini, Paulo
Ramos, Conrado
Title in Portuguese
Torcida de futebol : adesão, alienação e violência
Keywords in Portuguese
Escola de Frankfurt
Freud Sigmund 1856-1939
futebol
industria cultural
violência
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta pesquisa tem como objeto o torcedor de futebol comum, analisando o que leva um indivíduo a torcer e o que, nessa prática, pode levá-lo à alienação e à violência. Nossos principais referenciais teóricos são a Escola de Frankfurt e a teoria freudiana. Estudamos o futebol sob o aspecto de sua apropriação pela indústria cultural e o torcedor como parte das massas estudadas por Freud (1921/1974a) em Psicologia de grupo e análise do ego e posteriormente pelos frankfurtianos. Dezesseis torcedores de diferentes times foram entrevistados. Formaram dois grupos de oito sujeitos, com base no processo de escolarização: um grupo de torcedores que têm até o ensino fundamental completo e outro de torcedores com ensino médio completo. Os resultados demonstraram certa devoção ao time nos dois grupos, bem como alienação e tendência à barbárie e ao preconceito. Isso ficou mais visível no grupo dos mais escolarizados, o que indica que a educação de hoje pode favorecer esse tipo de atitude.
Title in English
Football supporter : adhesion, alienation and violence
Keywords in English
cultural industry
Frankfurt School of Sociology
Freud Sigmund 1856-1939
soccer
violence
Abstract in English
The object of this research is the regular football supporter, analyzing what drives a person to cheer and what in this practice can lead to alienation and violence. Our main theory references are the Frankfurt School and the Freudian theory. We have studied the football in its appropriation by the cultural industry and the supporter as part of the masses studied by Freud (1921/1974a) in Group psychology and analysis of the ego and subsequently by the frankfurtians. Sixteen supporters of different Brazilian teams were interviewed. They were divided in two groups of eight subjects according to their education level: one group of supporters with low education level and another group with middle education level. The results have shown a certain devotion to the team in both groups as well as alienation and a tendency to barbarity and prejudice. This was more visible on the group with higher education level, what means that nowadays education can promote this kind of attitude.
 
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robertorhryniewicz.pdf (777.90 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2008-07-03
 
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