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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.47.2012.tde-26102012-104329
Document
Author
Full name
Candido Jeronimo Flauzino
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Kovacs, Maria Julia (President)
Castro, Dagmar Silva Pinto de
Forte, Daniel Neves
Title in Portuguese
O que acontece no encontro do médico com a morte do seu paciente
Keywords in Portuguese
Ética
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961)
Médicos
Morte
Oncologistas
Paciente de câncer
Relação médico-paciente
Abstract in Portuguese
O que acontece no encontro do médico com a morte do seu paciente diz de algo estruturante da condição humana que transcende a formação acadêmica e mobiliza por este estar na presença de outro ser humano. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa que teve como objetivo principal descrever e conhecer o que existe de estruturante no encontro do médico com a morte do seu paciente. Este estudo utiliza o método fenomenológico de pesquisa, entendido como um convite para o exercício reflexivo visando à construção de novos paradigmas na produção de conhecimento. O autor de base que fundamenta a análise teórica foi Maurice Merleau-Ponty (2006). Foram realizadas quatro entrevistas com médicos oncologistas clínicos, embasadas na pergunta norteadora: O que significa para você cuidar do paciente oncológico, sem possibilidade de cura, que vivencia o seu processo de morrer e posteriormente perdê-lo?. Após a realização das entrevistas, os relatos (ingênuos) foram literalizados, dos quais foram levantadas as unidades de análise e transformadas em categorias analisadas fenomenologicamente, que possibilitaram o diálogo intersubjetivo e objetivo com os pressupostos teóricos sobre o tema em pauta. Categorias estas denominadas de: 1. Relação médico e paciente: o desvelar das emoções e sentimentos; 2. Relação médico e paciente: um distanciamento da morte do paciente; 3. O encontro do médico com a morte: a morte imprevisível; 4. Construção da identidade do sujeito: a dimensão ética do ser médico. A partir da análise das categorias, observou-se que tal encontro ocorre de diversas formas, principalmente pelo distanciamento como os médicos em questão lidam com a morte de seus pacientes, vista como um acidente, com falta de diálogo que, necessariamente, esbarra nas questões éticas e de formação acadêmica. A estrutura do fenômeno reside na ausência de diálogo pela dificuldade de lidar com os próprios sentimentos e emoções emergidas do processo de perda por morte de seus pacientes
Title in English
What happens in the doctors encounter with the death of his patient
Keywords in English
Death
Doctors
Ethics
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961)
Oncologists
Pacient with cancer
Relation between doctor-patient
Abstract in English
What happens in the doctors encounter with the death of his patient says about human condition structuring which transcends academic formation and mobilizes in the presence of another human being.This is a qualitative research which had as its principal aim to describe and know what exists of structuring in the doctors encounter with the death of his patient. This study uses the phenomenological method of research, understood as an invitation to the reflexive exercise which aims the construction of new paradigms in the knowledge production.The fundamental author who substantiates the theorical analysis is Maurice Merleau-Ponty (2006). Four interviews with clinical oncologist doctors were made, based on the guiding question: What means to you to take care of the cancer patient, without the possibility of healing, who experiences his dying process and eventually lose him?After the interviews were made, the narratives (literal) were literalized, from which the analysis units were raised and transformed into phenomenologically analyzed categories, which enabled the intersubjective and objective dialog with the theoretical presuppositions about the subject under discussion.These categories are named: 1. Relation between doctor and patient: the unveiling of emotions and feelings; 2. Relation between doctor and patient: a detachment from the patients death; 3. The doctors encounter with death: the unpredictable death; 4. Construction of the subjects identity: the ethical dimension of being a doctor. From the analysis of the categories it was possible to observe that such encounter occurs in several ways, mainly by the detachment which the doctors from this study deal with the death of their patients, seen as an accident, with lack of dialog that necessarily touches the ethical and academic formation questions. The structure of the phenomenon dwells in the lack of dialog due to the difficulty to deal with ones own feelings and emotions emerged from the process of losing ones patients by death
 
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Publishing Date
2012-11-06
 
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