• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.47.2017.tde-02102017-163731
Document
Author
Full name
Mércia Aparecida Pereira de Andrade Scarton
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Rodrigues, Elisa Maria Parahyba Campos (President)
Tardivo, Leila Salomao de La Plata Cury
Valente, Guilherme Borges
Yavo, Ivete de Souza
Title in Portuguese
Câncer colorretal e colostomia: aspectos psicodinâmicos envolvidos na vivência da sexualidade
Keywords in Portuguese
Neoplasias colorretais
Psicanálise
Psico-oncologia
Sexualidade
Abstract in Portuguese
O câncer colorretal é o segundo tipo que mais causa mortes no Brasil. Podem ser utilizados vários tratamentos para esses casos, tais como a quimioterapia, radioterapia e cirurgias, dentre as quais, a colostomia. Apesar de trazer sobrevida, a colostomia pode acarretar mudanças físicas e psicológicas que impactam diretamente os doentes. Pesquisas na área da Psico-oncologia são consideradas importantes nesses casos, pois estudam as dimensões psicológicas do câncer sob diferentes aspectos. Na presente dissertação, foi realizado estudo de caso instrumental com dois sujeitos cada qual se relacionando em regime de união estável com o objetivo de analisar as questões psicodinâmicas envolvidas na vivência da própria sexualidade após a colostomia. Para atingir tal objetivo, foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas e o teste psicológico HTP. Os resultados foram analisados sob enfoque psicanalítico e indicaram: queda na autoestima; autoimagem corporal negativa; isolamento social e dificuldades na aceitação do uso da bolsa coletora; luto pela perda do corpo saudável; vergonha e receio de que os outros percebam sua condição de colostomizado. A dinâmica psíquica de cada entrevistado impactou a maneira de experienciar esse processo. Com personalidades e formas de enfrentamento distintas, foram encontradas diferenças na forma de lidar com seus próprios relacionamentos afetivos. A despeito dessas questões, a colostomia emergiu como a principal culpada pelo distanciamento ocorrido entre as partes, em relação a ambos os casais, embora muitos reveses já estivessem presentes na rotina conjugal antes mesmo da cirurgia. Além disso, a falta de apoio conjugal, indiferença por parte do companheiro e dificuldades na convivência colaboraram para o surgimento de barreiras entre o casal, contribuindo para a derrocada da vida sexual. Os pacientes não foram encaminhados para acompanhamento psicológico, embora considerem a psicoterapia importante. Não encontraram oportunidade em serviços públicos de saúde para dirimir dúvidas e abordar questões de ordem pessoal, conjugal ou sexual
Title in English
Colorectal cancer and colostomy: psychodynamic aspects involved on sexuality experience
Keywords in English
Colorectal neoplasms
Psycho-oncology
psychoanalysis
sexuality
Abstract in English
Colorectal is the second type of cancer that causes death in Brazil. There are some kinds of treatment for this disease, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgeries, such as the colostomy. Although this surgery increases survival rates, colostomy might bring physical and psychological changes which impact directly patients on this condition. Researches in the field of psycho-oncology are important on this cases, considering it comprehends psychological dimensions of cancer by differents perspectives. An instrumental study was carried out, with two participants, both living in a common-law marriage. The goal of this research was to analyze psychodynamic aspects involved on their sexual experience after colostomy. In order to accomplish this goal, semi-structured interviews were conducted as well as the application of the psychological test HTP. The results were analyzed by the psychoanalytical approach and indicated self-esteem decrease; negative self-body perception; social isolation and difficulties in accepting the use of the colostomy bag; mourning over the lost healthy body; shame and concerns about others realize they are carrying a colostomy bag. Each personal patients psycho dynamic impacted the way of dealing with this process. Having distinct personalities and coping strategies, differences were found on the way of dealing with their own relationships. Despite these questions, colostomy had emerged as the main reason for the emotional distance in the relationship, even though a lot of setbacks were already part of their daily routine before the surgery. Furthermore, lack of conjugal support, partners indifference and cohabitation adversities cooperated for the emergence of barriers between the couple and all of that contributed to decadence of sexual life. The patients were not referred to psychological support, despite considering psychotherapy important. They have not found any opportunity to dispel doubts about personal, conjugal or sexual subjects on public health care system
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
scarton_me.pdf (1.76 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2017-10-02
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.