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Doctoral Thesis
Document
Author
Full name
Nabil Sleiman Almeida Ali
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Pereira, Joao Augusto Frayze (President)
Barone, Leda Maria Codeço
Gallian, Dante Marcello Claramonte
Goncalves Filho, Jose Moura
Pasqualini, Juliana Campregher
Title in Portuguese
Travessia: recepção estética de Grande Sertão: Veredas
Keywords in Portuguese
Educacao
Joao Guimaraes Rosa
Literatura
Recepcao estetica
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho aborda o processo da recepcao estetica do livro Grande Sertão: Veredas de Joao Guimaraes Rosa, considerado por muitos criticos como o maior livro da literatura brasileira do seculo XX, com base em entrevistas com dez leitores comuns, em sua maioria graduandos ou graduados em Psicologia. Como contraponto a esse material que transcrevemos e analisamos, realizamos outra entrevista com uma produtora cultural da obra rosiana, transposta para o teatro, tambem analisada e incorporada na discussao final do trabalho. Nossa experiencia com a recepcao estetica de escritos deste autor em salas de aula do curso de Psicologia de uma universidade particular nos revelou que tal literatura foi capaz de formar e transformar percepcoes, muitas vezes enrijecidas e impermeaveis as criticas e a reflexao, de objetos de trabalho que compoem a praxis de um psicologo, como preconceitos, verdades e mentiras puras, nocoes de bem e mal etc. Notamos, que a obra de Rosa efetivamente contribuiu para a percepcao de transcendencia, ascese (busca pelo alteamento moral) e epifania (contato com a metafisica) por meio do alumbramento. Causava-nos e ainda nos causa espanto, contudo, que o livro seja considerado dificil, com linguagem intransponivel e com escassos leitores, inclusive em camadas letradas da populacao. Verificamos, entretanto, que os leitores comuns entrevistados, nao so tiveram coragem para realizar a travessia do livro, mas perceberam suas proprias vidas ressoadas pelo jagunco-narrador Riobaldo e, sem duvida, realizaram uma apreensao estetica idiossincratica, nada padronizada, surgida de momentos diferentes da obra. Foi notavel que as proprias vozes dos entrevistados mostraram-se carregadas de uma linguagem poetica a romper padroes, obviamente composta de enorme carga emocional, tal qual a do narrador. Procuramos, tambem, nos aprofundar nas constituicoes psiquicas dos principais protagonistas da obra - Riobaldo e Diadorim - para tentarmos alcancar seus aspectos ontologicos e, ao mesmo tempo, esteticos absolutamente transgressivos da vivencia comum acontecida na maior parte da vida administrada pela sociedade normativa a que todos estamos submetidos. Chegamos a conclusao que, mais do que acionar capacidade para vivenciar experiencias verdadeiramente formativas, este romance e tambem um resgate de vozes de quem jamais teria voz nos produtos culturais padronizados e reificados. O que o enleva tambem como instrumento politico de acao no mundo e de transformacao social bastante poderoso
Title in English
Travessia: the aesthetic reception of The Devil to Pay in the Backlands
Keywords in English
Aesthetic reception
Education
Joao Guimaraes Rosa
Literature
Abstract in English
This work deals with the process of aesthetic reception of the book The Devil to Pay in the Backlands by Joao Guimaraes Rosa, considered by many critics as the greatest book of Brazilian literature of the 20th century, based on interviews with ten ordinary readers, mostly undergraduates or graduates in Psychology. As a counterpoint to this material that we transcribe and analyze, we conducted another interview with a cultural producer of Rosario's work, transposed to the theater, also analyzed and incorporated in the final discussion of the work. Our experience with the aesthetic reception of this author's writings in classrooms of the Psychology course of a private university revealed to us that such literature was able to form and transform perceptions, often stiff and impervious to criticism and reflection, of objects which compose the praxis of a psychologist, such as prejudices, truths and "pure" lies, notions of good and evil, etc. We note that Rosa's work effectively contributed to the perception of transcendence, ascesis (search for moral upheaval), and epiphany (contact with metaphysics) through enlightenment. One can be amazed, however, that the book is considered "difficult", with impassable language and with scarce readers, even in literate layers of the population. We found, however, that the ordinary readers interviewed not only had the "courage" to make the "crossing" of the book, but realized their own lives resonated by the narrator jagunço Riobaldo and undoubtedly realized an idiosyncratic aesthetic apprehension, arising from different moments of the work. It was remarkable that the interviewees' own voices were charged with a poetic language breaking patterns, obviously composed of enormous emotional charge, just like the narrator's. We also seek to deepen in the psychic constitutions of the main protagonists of the work Riobaldo and Diadorim to try to reach its ontological and at the same time, aesthetic aspects absolutely transgressive of the common experience that happens in most of the life administered by the normative society to which we are all submitted. We have come to the conclusion that, more than triggering the capacity to experience truly formative experiences, this novel is also a rescue of voices of those who would never have a voice in standardized and reified cultural products. What also rises it as a political instrument of action in the world and of social transformation quite powerful
 
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Publishing Date
2019-02-05
 
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