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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.47.2018.tde-05022018-163254
Document
Author
Full name
Leonardo Dutra Henriques
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Ventura, Dora Selma Fix (President)
Gomes, Bruno Duarte
Goulart, Paulo Roney Kilpp
Gualtieri, Mirella
Mauro, Patricia Izar
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da visão de cores em primatas do gênero Alouatta
Keywords in Portuguese
Cambridge colour test
Discriminação de cores
Primatas platirrinos
Tricromacia uniforme
Abstract in Portuguese
A visão de cores apresenta um papel muito importante para a sobrevivência e desenvolvimento de primatas. A capacidade de discriminar, visualmente, o alvo de um fundo apenas pela diferença de matiz pode ser o diferencial tanto para a busca de alimentos, como para a fuga de predadores. Estudos sobre a visão de cores auxiliam a fazer inferências sobre suas bases biológicas e utilidade funcional. O presente estudo buscou avaliar a discriminação de cores em primatas do gênero Alouatta (Bugio), por meio de uma adaptação do teste computadorizado Cambridge Colour Test (CCT) e do sequenciamento dos genes que codificam as opsinas, uma vez que por estudos anteriores inferia-se que eles pudessem apresentar visão tricromática, diferenciando-os dos outros platirrinos. Para este estudo foram utilizados 6 indivíduos do Centro Nacional de Primatas (CENP, Ananindeua, Pará, Brasil). O experimento comportamental objetivava determinar elipses de discriminação de cor para três fundos de diferentes cromaticidades do diagrama CIE 1976 uv, as quais serviram de parâmetro para a determinação do fenótipo dos indivíduos. A análise genética buscou identificar as variedades de opsinas. Dois indivíduos concluíram o teste comportamental com sucesso, um macho de Alouatta caraya e uma fêmea de Alouatta seniculus, ambos apresentando visão de cores tricromática. A análise molecular identificou a presença de dois alelos para comprimentos médios/longos da opsina. O potencial de tricromacia demonstrado na análise genética foi compatível com os resultados da análise comportamental que mostraram capacidade discriminativa tricromática. Neste trabalho abordamos os diversos aspectos desse estudo, tanto na modelagem dos animais quanto na importância desse achado
Title in English
Evaluation of color vision in primates of genus Alouatta
Keywords in English
Cambridge colour test
Color discrimination
Platyrrhines primates
Uniform trichromacy
Abstract in English
Color vision has a very important role in the survival and development of primates. The ability to visually discriminate the target of a background only by hue difference may be the difference for both search of food or escape from predators. Studies on color vision help to make inferences about their biological bases and functional utility. This study sought to evaluate the color discrimination in primates of the genus Alouatta (Howler monkey), through an adaptation of the computerized test Cambridge Colour Test (CCT) and the sequencing of the genes coding opsins. Through previous studies have inferred that they could present trichromatic vision, distinguishing them from other platyrrhines. Six subjects from the National Primate Center (CENP, Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil) were tested. The behavioral experiment aimed to determine color discrimination ellipses to three backgrounds of different chromaticity at CIE 1976 u'v' diagram, which served as a parameter for determining the phenotype of individuals and the genetic analysis sought to identify the varieties of opsins. Two individuals completed the test successfully one male and one female, both featuring trichromatic color vision. Two individuals successfully completed the behavioral test, one Alouatta caraya male and one Alouatta seniculus female, both presenting trichromatic color vision. Molecular analysis identified the presence of two alleles for medium/long lengths of opsin compatible with behavioral analysis. In this work we approach the various aspects of this study, both in the modeling of the animals and in the importance of this finding
 
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henriques_parcial.pdf (3.05 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2018-02-20
 
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