• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2016.tde-08092016-093600
Document
Author
Full name
Aline Vitali Grando
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Corrêa, Maria Cassia Jacintho Mendes (President)
Levi, José Eduardo
Vigani, Aline Gonzalez
Title in Portuguese
Efetividade de interferon peguilado e ribavirina no tratamento da hepatite C crônica em pacientes atendidos em um centro universitário no Estado de São Paulo
Keywords in Portuguese
Efetividade
Estudos de coortes
Estudos retrospectivos
Farmacoepidemiologia
Hepatite C
Interferons
Ribavirina
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: Informações de vida real relativas ao tratamento da hepatite C crônica com interferon peguilado (Peg-IFN) e ribavirina (RBV) servem para mensurar sua efetividade nos anos em que o seu uso foi amplamente difundido, além de auxiliar em tomada de decisões futuras. Objetivos: Avaliar a taxa de resposta virológica sustentada (RVS) nos pacientes com hepatite C crônica tratados com Peg-IFN e RBV, fora de protocolos de pesquisa. Determinar os fatores associados à obtenção de RVS, frequência e causas de interrupção precoce do tratamento e de redução ou interrupção temporária dos medicamentos. Métodos: Estudo observacional retrospectivo de uma coorte de pacientes de dois ambulatórios de um centro de referência brasileiro localizado em São Paulo/SP. Resultados: Dos 440 indivíduos analisados, 182 apresentaram RVS (prevalência: 41,4% [IC95%: 36,7 - 46,1]). A RVS ocorreu em 33,5% (104/310) dos pacientes com genótipo 1 e em 53,8% (7/13) e 60,5% (69/114) daqueles com genótipos 2 e 3, respectivamente. Após análise multivariada, a RVS esteve positiva e independentemente associada à presença dos genótipos 2 ou 3 (p < 0,001), ausência de esteatose (p = 0,025) e de tratamento prévio (p = 0,038). Os eventos adversos mais frequentemente relacionados à redução de dose ou suspensão temporária de Peg-IFN ou RBV foram anemia (15,6%) e plaquetopenia (3,9%). Dos eventos adversos que levaram 79 (18%) pacientes a interromper o tratamento precocemente, distúrbios psiquiátricos (15,1%) e anemia (13,9%) foram os mais frequentes. Conclusões: A taxa de RVS foi semelhante àquela obtida em outros estudos de vida real. A RVS esteve independentemente associada à: presença dos genótipos 2 ou 3, ausência de esteatose e ausência de tratamento prévio. As principais causas de redução de dose dos medicamentos foram anemia e plaquetopenia e de interrupção precoce do tratamento, desordens psiquiátricas, e citopenias
Title in English
Effectiveness of pegylated interferon and ribavirin for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C among patients treated at a reference center in São Paulo state
Keywords in English
Cohort studies
Effectiveness
Hepatitis C
Interferons
Pharmacoepidemiology
Retrospective studies
Ribavirin
Abstract in English
Introduction: The association of pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) was considered a first line treatment for chronic hepatitis C during the past decade. Routine clinical practice information and real-life treatment outcomes can guide future therapeutic strategies for this group of patients. Objectives: The main objective of our study was to determine the sustained virological response (SVR) rate under current clinical practice. The secondary objectives were: 1- to investigate the factors that before or during treatment could predict SVR 2- to identify the causes of treatment interruption. Method: This cross-sectional study enrolled hepatitis C patients treated with Peg-IFN and RBV in a tertiary outpatient clinic setting. Data were collected retrospectively on patients treated for hepatitis C. Demographics, treatment outcomes and potential predictors of outcome were recorded. Results: Among the 440 analyzed patients 182 achieved SVR (prevalence: 41.4% [95% CI: 36.7 to 46.1]). On an intention-to-treat basis, SVR rates were 33.5% (104/310), 53.8% (7/13) and 60.5% (69/114) in genotypes 1, 2 and 3 respectively. After multivariate analysis, SVR was independently associated with presence of genotypes 2 or 3 (p < 0.001), no hepatic steatosis (p=0.025) and absence of prior treatment (p = 0.038). Anemia (15.6%) and thrombocytopenia (3.9%) were the most frequent causes of treatment dose reduction. Among the adverse events that led 79 patients into treatment discontinuation, the most frequent were psychiatric complications (15.1%) and anemia (13.9%). Conclusion: In our cohort, the treatment success rate (SVR) was similar to that observed in other in real-life setting studies. The SVR was independently associated with: presence of genotypes 2 or 3, no hepatic steatosis and absence of prior treatment. Psychiatric disorders and anemia were the main causes of premature treatment discontinuation
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
AlineVitaliGrando.pdf (1.80 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2016-09-09
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.