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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2010.tde-10052010-104640
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Cristina Domingues da Silva Fink
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Pannuti, Claudio Sergio (President)
Bermúdez, José Ernesto Vidal
Cardoso, Maria Regina Alves
Levi, José Eduardo
Okay, Thelma Suely
Title in Portuguese
Distribuição genotípica do poliomavirus humano JC em pacientes com aids, com e sem leucoencefalopatia multifocal progressiva, em São Paulo, Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Genótipo
Leucoencefalopatia multifocal progressiva
Reação em cadeia da polimerase
Virus JC
Abstract in Portuguese
A relação entre os diferentes genótipos do VJC e a patogênese da LEMP permanece ainda uma questão controversa. O presente estudo visou a caracterização genotipica do vírus JC (VJC) e sua associação com a leucoencefalopatia multifocal progressiva (LEMP) em pacientes com aids em São Paulo, no período de 2000 a 2008. Foram avaliadas 51 amostras de líquor de pacientes com LEMP e 47 amostras de pacientes com aids sem LEMP positivas para os genes T e VP1 pela reação em cadeia por polimerase (PCR). Foram identificados, através do sequenciamento genômico os genótipos 1, 2, 3, 4 e 6, sendo que os mais prevalentes foram os genótipos 2 (33%), 1 (27%), seguidos pelo genótipo 3 (23%). O genótipo 1 e mostrou associação positiva com a LEMP (p<0,05), enquanto que o genótipo 3 mostrou associação inversa à LEMP. Durante a internação em que foi diagnosticada LEMP observamos evolução para óbito em 27 (59%) pacientes e alta em 19 (41%). Não houve associação entre os genótipos do VJC ou carga viral liquórica e a evolução para óbito, mas houve associação significante entre o número de linfócitos TCD4+ e o óbito. No presente estudo, uma mutação no sítio 91 do gene VP1 com substituição da leucina para isoleucina ou valina, não descrita anteriormente, foi encontrada exclusivamente em pacientes com LEMP. Substituições nos sítios 123, 128 e 134 foram observadas mais frequentemente nos casos de LEMP. Não foram encontradas diferenças filogenéticas entre as sequências obtidas dos casos e dos controles. A PCR em tempo real padronizada mostrou sensibilidade e especificidade diagnósticas de 89% e 100%, respectivamente.
Title in English
Genotype distribution of human polyomavirus JC in AIDS patients with and without progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Keywords in English
Genotype
JC virus
Leukoencephalopathy progressive multifocal
Polymerase chain reaction
Abstract in English
The relationship between the different genotypes of VJC and the pathogenesis of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy remains a controversial issue. This study aimed to genotypic characterization of JC virus (JCV) and its association with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in AIDS patients in Sao Paulo, from 2000 to 2008. We analyzed 51 CSF samples from patients with PML and 47 samples of AIDS patients without PML positives for the T and VP1 genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Were identified by genomic sequencing genotypes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6, and were the most prevalent genotypes 2 (33%), 1 (27%), followed by genotype 3 (23%). Genotype 1 showed a positive association with PML (p <0.05), while genotype 3 was inversely associated with PML. Overall in-hospital mortality was 59% (27 patients). No association between the genotypes of VJC or CSF viral load and progression to death, but there was a significant association between number of CD4 + and death. In this study, a mutation in site 91 of VP1 gene with substitution of leucine for isoleucine or valine, not described previously, was found exclusively in patients with PML. Substitutions at sites 123, 128 and 134 were observed more frequently in cases of PML. No differences were found between phylogenetic sequences obtained from cases and controls. The real-time PCR showed standardized diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of 89% and 100%, respectively.
 
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MCristinaDSFink.pdf (2.92 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2010-05-11
 
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