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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2018.tde-15052018-122745
Document
Author
Full name
Laís Calissi Brisolla Tavares
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Camargo, Carlos Henrique (President)
Costa, Silvia Figueiredo
Dropa, Milena
Ramos, Rosemeire Cobo Zanella
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização genética e perfil de sensibilidade antimicrobiana de cepas multirresistentes de Acinetobacter baumannii presentes em um hospital de ensino
Keywords in Portuguese
Antimicrobianos
Infecção hospitalar
Infecções bacterianas
Reação em cadeia da polimerase
Resistência microbiana à drogas/genética
Sequenciamento genético
Testes de sensibilidade microbiana
Abstract in Portuguese
As espécies do Complexo Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-A. baumannii (ACB) são importantes causadoras de Infecções Relacionadas à Assistência à Saúde em todo o mundo. Detêm maior relevância os isolados com resistência aos antimicrobianos, os quais impactam negativamente no prognóstico, na mortalidade e custos associados ao cuidado com o paciente. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a diversidade genética e o perfil de susceptibilidade antimicrobiana de 134 isolados multirresistentes de A. baumannii presentes no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, entre 2007 e 2014. A identificação de A. baumannii deu-se pela pesquisa dos genes blaOXA-51-like e gltA, detectados em 85% (n=114) dos isolados Os isolados de Acinetobacter não-baumannii foram identificados por sequenciamento gênico como A. nosocomialis (n=4; 3,1%), A. pittii, A. bereziniae (n=2; 1,7%, cada), A. ursingii, A. variabilis, A. gyllenbergii (n=1; 0,9% cada) e Acinetobacter spp (n=2; 1,7%). Os isolados de A. baumannii foram submetidos às técnicas de PCR multiplex para detecção de outras oxacilinases, pesquisa de ISAba1, teste de susceptibilidade antimicrobiana, tipagem molecular por eletroforese em campo pulsado (PFGE), por sequência trilocus (3LST) e por sequência multilocus (MLST). Detectou-se o gene blaOXA-23-like em 105 isolados (92,1%), estando 100% associados a ISAba1; blaOXA-72 em um isolado (0,9%) e blaOXA-231 em dois isolados (1,7%). A maior parte (n=66; 57,9%) dos isolados foi classificada como extensivamente resistentes (XDR). O PFGE agrupou os isolados em 11 clusters (A-K) e o MLST identificou os isolados pertencentes majoritariamente aos clones CC79 (42,4%), CC1 (16,6%), CC15 (12,1%) e ao ST317 (18,2%). Os resultados do MLST e 3LST concordaram em 95,6%. Foi verificada a ocorrência de diferentes perfis de PFGE em A. baumannii MDR e XDR, predominando cepas carreadoras de ISAba1/OXA-23-like e pertencentes aos CC1, CC15, CC79, ST317. Predominaram o ST317 nos anos iniciais e o CC79 (ST730) de 2011 a 2014. Estes resultados fornecem subsídios que ressaltam a necessidade de monitoramento e controle de patógenos multirresistentes
Title in English
Genetic characterization and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains present at a teaching hospital
Keywords in English
3LST
Acinetobacter baumannii
Anti-infective agents
Clonality
Cross infection
Molecular epidemiology
Oxacillinases
Abstract in English
Species of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-A. baumannii Complex (ACB) are important causes of Healthcare Associated Infections worldwide. More relevant are isolates with antimicrobial resistance, which have a negative impact on the outcome, mortality and costs associated with patient care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity and the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of 134 multiresistant ACB spcies strains present at Botucatu Medical School Teaching Hospital between 2007 and 2014. Identification of A. baumannii species was by detection of blaOXA-51-like and gltA genes, detected in 85% (n=114) of the isolates. Non-baumannii Acinetobacter species were identified by gene sequencing as A. nosocomialis (n=4, 3.1%), A. ursingii, A. variabilis, A. gyllenbergii (n=1, 0.9% each) and Acinetobacter spp (n=2; 1.7%). A. baumannii isolates were submitted to multiplex PCR for other oxacillinases and ISAba1 detection, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, molecular typing by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), trilocus sequence typing (3LST) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). blaOXA-23-like gene was detected in 105 isolates (92.1%), of which 100% were associated with ISAba1; blaOXA-72 was present in one isolate (0.9%) and blaOXA-231, in two isolates (1.7%). The majority (n=66; 57.9%) of isolates were classified as extensively resistant (XDR). The PFGE grouped the isolates into 11 clusters (A-K) and MLST identified the isolates belonging mainly to CC79 (42.4%), CC1 (16.6%), CC15 (12.1%) and ST317 (18.2%). MLST and 3LST results were 95.6% concordant. We verified the occurrence of different PFGE profiles in multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) A. baumannii, predominantly presenting ISAba1/OXA-23-like genes and belonging to CC1, CC15, CC79 and ST317. There was a prevalence of ST317 in the early years and CC79 (ST730) from 2011 to 2014. Our results highlight the importance of surveillance and control of multiresistant pathogens
 
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Publishing Date
2018-05-15
 
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