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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2012.tde-20122012-112513
Document
Author
Full name
Luana Dias de Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Goto, Hiro (President)
Lindoso, José Angelo Lauletta
Starobinas, Nancy
Title in Portuguese
Efeito do fator de crescimento insulina-símile-I em promastigota e amastigota intracelular de Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis de pacientes com  diferentes formas clínicas de leishmaniose tegumentar americana 
Keywords in Portuguese
Arginase
Fator de crescimento insulina símile-I
Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis
Leishmaniose cutânea
Leishmaniose disseminada
Leishmaniose mucosa
Abstract in Portuguese
Leishmanioses são doenças causadas por protozoários do gênero Leishmania e se apresentam sob forma tegumentar ou visceral. No Brasil, a leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA) é causada, na sua maioria, por Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis e conhecem-se principalmente as formas cutânea (LC), mucosa (LM) e disseminada (LD) da doença. Na LTA as formas clínicas tem sido atribuídas a diferenças na resposta imune do hospedeiro, mas recentemente vinculam-se também à variabilidade intraespecífica da L. (V.) braziliensis. Neste estudo avaliamos se haveria variabilidade biológica nos isolados de L. (V.) braziliensis, provenientes de pacientes com LC, LM e LD, principalmente em resposta a fator de crescimento insulina-símile-I (IGF-I). Os fatores de crescimento do hospedeiro tem sido alvo de estudos no desenvolvimento das leishmanioses, sendo IGF-I um deles. Havíamos demonstrado em estudos anteriores, utilizando Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, que IGF-I induz proliferação, aumentando a atividade da arginase, com geração de poliaminas e diminuindo a síntese de óxido nítrico. No presente estudo analisamos o efeito de IGF-I em L.(V.) braziliensis, espécie prevalente no Brasil. Avaliamos inicialmente as características dos diferentes isolados enquanto promastigota e no prosseguimento enquanto amastigota em células de linhagem monocítica humana THP-1, com e sem estímulo de IGF-I. Nossos dados sugerem que há diferenças na atividade da arginase basal entre os isolados de L. (V.) braziliensis, sendo maior naqueles provenientes de pacientes com LM. IGF-I aumentou a atividade da arginase nos isolados de LC e LD, mas não de LM. Nos isolados em forma amastigota nas células de linhagem monocítica humana THP-1, o efeito de IGF-I foi de aumento do parasitismo nos isolados de LC e LM e de diminuição com os de LD. Nos isolados de LD a atividade da arginase basal foi menor que nos de LC. Por outro lado, a produção de óxido nítrico tendeu a ser maior em isolados de LD quando sob estímulo de IGF-I. Os dados sugerem que diferenças nas características biológicas dos parasitos podem contribuir na apresentação clínica dos casos da LTA.
Title in English
Effect of Insulin-like growth factor-I on promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis from patients with different clinical forms of American tegumentary leishmaniasis
Keywords in English
Arginase
Cutaneous leishmaniasis
Disseminated leishmaniasis
Insulin like growth factor I
Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis
Mucosal leishmaniasis
Abstract in English
Leishmaniasis are diseases caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania that may manifest as cutaneous or visceral disease. In Brazil, American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) is caused mostly by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and cutaneous (CL), mucosal (ML) and disseminated (DL) forms of the disease are known.The diversity of clinical manifestations has been attributed to differences in the host immune response, but recently it has also been related to intraspecific variability of L. (V.) braziliensis. In the present study we evaluated whether there were biological variability in different isolates of L. (V.) braziliensis from patients with CL, ML, and DL, mainly in response to insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Growth factors of the host have been investigated in the development of leishmaniasis including IGF-I. In previous studies using Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis IGF-I was shown to induce proliferation, to increase the activity of arginase, generating polyamines and to decrease the synthesis of nitric oxide. In this study we analyzed the effect of IGF-I in L. (V.) braziliensis, a species prevalent in Brazil. Initially we evaluated the characteristics of individual isolates as promastigote and further as amastigote within human macrophage cell line THP-1 with and without IGF-I stimulation. Our data suggest that there are differences in the basal arginase activity amongst isolates of L. (V.) braziliensis, being higher in those from patients with ML. IGF-I increased the activity of arginase in the isolates of CL and DL, but not of ML. In isolates in the form of amastigotes within THP-1 cells, IGF-I induced the increase of parasitism of isolates from CL and ML, and decrease of those from DL. In isolates of DL the basal arginase activity was lower than in those of CL. Moreover, the production of nitric oxide tended to be higher with isolates of DL upon IGF-I stimulation. The data suggest that differences in the biological characteristics of parasites may contribute to the diversity of clinical presentation of ATL.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-12-20
 
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